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Table 4 The relationship between the main study variables and selected physician characteristics

From: Monitoring quality in Israeli primary care: The primary care physicians' perspective

  Excessive managerial pressure Excessive workload Excessive competition Contributes substantially to quality Supports continuation
Total 60 65 48 66 71
Age      
≤44 65 65 51 57 68
45–60 60 66 50 70 72
>60 53 64 39 67 75
Sex      
Female 57 61 43 66 71
Male 62 69 51 64 70
Population group      
Non-Jew 65 69 61 77 82
Jew 58 64 44 62 67
Country of birth      
Outside of Israel 53 60 39 66 73
Israel 71 73 62 65 68
Specialty      
Family medicine 75 74 60 58 61
Internal medicine/other 45 58 34 68 73
Not board certified 50 58 40 73 81
Type of employment      
Salaried only 61 61 49 64 68
Independent only 47 58 38 71 76
Both salaried and independent 70 80 57 63 69
Main type of practice      
As primary care MD 61 66 49 65 70
As specialist MD 50 57 39 76 91
Response mode      
Regular mail 62 66 45 59 64
E-mail 50 62 38 55 60
Telephone 61 65 59 82 87
  1. (extent to which each outcome was felt to a great or very great extent – in percent).
  2. Note: Contrasts found to be significant at the .05 level appear in bold.