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Table 1 Examples of parameters in each of the four categories

From: Evidence-based support for the all-hazards approach to emergency preparedness

Number Category Type of emergency Parameter
1 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Mass casualty event The SOP for mass casualty events is updated for the last year
Mass toxicological event The hospital identified a decontamination team that will be deployed to the immediate site
Biological event The biological SOP includes a section regarding treatment of medical bio-hazard waste
2 Training & drills Mass casualty event 80% of the surgical staff reinforcing the Emergency Department are graduates of an ATLS (advanced trauma life support) course
Mass toxicological event 70% of the emergency department staff participated in a designated mass toxicological event training program
Biological event The hospital defined the medical staff that are required to participate in the biological training program
3 Knowledge of staff Mass casualty event The "nurse in charge" is proficient in using the public address system
Mass toxicological event More than 85% of the emergency department's nursing staff passed a toxicological test with scores >90
Biological event The emergency department physicians are proficient in the mechanism of sending samples to the microbiology laboratory
4 Infrastructure & equipment Mass casualty event The "immediate site" for treating severe casualties is equipped with a cart designated for treating children
Mass toxicological event At least 15 personal protection masks are immediately available in the emergency department
Biological event Designated sites for isolating patients suffering from infectious diseases have been defined