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Table 2 Gender differences in the perceptions of the six specialties (Women: n=122; Men: n=112)

From: Israeli medical students’ perceptions of six key medical specialties

  Males Females Males Females Males Females
  Pediatrics Pediatrics Anesthesiology Anesthesiology General General
      Surgery Surgery
Interesting and challenging specialty 38% 53%* 45% 42% 73% 51%*
Advanced specialty 34% 37% 39% 48% 37% 33%
Boring specialty 31% 12%* 37% 34% 11% 16%
Stressful specialty 27% 26% 70% 78% 95% 94%
Affords a controllable lifestyle 62% 64% 28% 20% 0% 0%
Possibility to work limited hours 56% 50% 21% 14% 1% 3%
Allows for family time 60% 62% 29% 18% 0% 0%
Long working hours 30% 21% 57% 67%* 99% 96%
Prestigious specialty (population) 30% 36% 5% 4% 75% 80%
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 17% 13% 10% 11% 50% 43%
Opportunity for private practice 59% 58% 18% 22% 51% 42%
High salary 23% 21% 19% 22% 30% 33%
Reasonable ratio of lifestyle to income 57% 58% 22% 19% 4% 8%
Academic opportunities 50% 41% 45% 47% 63% 55%
Specialty in crisis 8% 6% 97% 96% 81% 68%
Specialty other students positively consider 69% 66% 0% 1%* 7% 5%
Specialty I am positively considering 24% 45%* 14% 5%* 32% 9%*
  Males Females Males Females Males Females
  Orthopedic Orthopedic Obstetrics/ Obstetrics/ Family Family
  Surgery Surgery Gynecology Gynecology Medicine Medicine
Interesting and challenging specialty 53% 30%* 64% 78%* 22% 27%*
Advanced specialty 58% 46%* 63% 76%* 22% 23%
Boring specialty 23% 36% 7% 8% 52% 44%*
Stressful specialty 51% 45% 78% 83% 13% 14%*
Affords a controllable lifestyle 14% 9% 8% 8% 96% 95%
Possibility to work limited hours 9% 10% 10% 13% 90% 93%
Allows for family time 11% 9% 6% 8% 91% 94%
Long working hours 79% 72% 83% 88% 6% 5%
Prestigious specialty (population) 48% 50% 64% 78%* 6% 9%
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 34% 35% 53% 69%* 3% 1%
Opportunities for private practice 87% 78% 92% 87% 36% 37%
High salary 80% 77% 87% 69% 30% 31%
Reasonable ratio of lifestyle to income 55% 51% 48% 42% 78% 77%
Academic opportunities 48% 45% 79% 76% 9% 10%
Specialty in crisis 3% 4% 3% 3% 17% 15%
Specialty other students positively consider 58% 44%* 75% 78% 27% 36%*
Specialty I am positively considering 28% 6%* 32% 36% 13% 25%*
  1. * vs males p <0.05.
  2. Values are the percentage of agree/highly agree answers on a 5 point-Likert Scale.