Skip to main content

Table 3 Perceptions and selection criteria of students considering and not considering pursuing a career in each of the specialties

From: Israeli medical students’ perceptions of six key medical specialties

  Pediatrics    Anesthesiology General surgery
  Yes No   Yes No   Yes No  
Specialty I am positively considering (n=75) (n=99)   (n=21) (n=164)   (n=41) (n=142)  
  32% 42%   9% 70%   18% 61%  
Interesting and challenging specialty 76% 22% p<0.001 90% 34% p<0.001 90% 51% p<0.001
Advanced specialty 57% 23% p<0.001 67% 40% p<0.003 38% 33% NS
Boring specialty 7% 36% p<0.001 21% 42% p=0.003 5% 19% p<0.001
Stressful specialty 36% 18% p<0.023 84% 72% NS 95% 94% NS
Controllable lifestyle 68% 66% NS 35% 26% NS 0% 0% NS
Work limited hours 51% 58% NS 26% 19% NS 2% 2% NS
Allows family time 64% 63% NS 37% 24% NS 0% 0% NS
Long working hours 57% 23% p<0.001 67% 40% p<0.003 38% 33% NS
Prestigious specialty (population) 36% 27% p<0.05 11% 4% NS 76% 79% NS
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 22% 10% p=0.03 26% 8% NS 63% 42% p=0.048
Opportunities for private practice 59% 60% NS 32% 16% NS 54% 42% NS
High salary 20% 21% NS 21% 21% NS 34% 31% NS
Ratio of lifestyle vs income 65% 54% NS 28% 20% NS 5% 6% NS
Academic opportunities 45% 45% NS 42% 43% NS 68% 55% NS
Specialty in crisis 8% 9% NS 95% 97% NS 73% 74% NS
Requested specialty 77% 56% p=0.007 0% 0% NS 17% 4% NS
Selection criteria          
Bedside specialty 80% 66% p=0.004 63% 71% NS 63% 76% NS
Direct aid to patients 77% 77% NS 76% 78% NS 85% 74% NS
Direct patient care 69% 55% p=0.02 43% 65% NS 44% 66% p=0.009
Time for childrearing 87% 58% p<0.001 71% 72% NS 49% 81% p<0.001
Family time 92% 69% p<0.001 80% 80% NS 56% 88% p<0.001
Only daytime work 44% 18% p<0.001 19% 29% NS 7% 38% p<0.001
Work outside the hospital 11% 8% NS 14% 11% NS 2% 12% p<0.001
Long-term care 44% 32% NS 24% 46% NS 15% 49% p=0.002
Family orientation 45% 28% p=0.002 26% 39% NS 15% 42% p=0.002
Immediate satisfaction 49% 61% NS 79% 50% NS 90% 42% p<0.001
Operating room time 23% 53% p<0.001 29% 38% NS 71% 24% p<0.001
Performing procedures 35% 61% p<0.001 57% 46% NS 90% 33% p<0.001
Controllable lifestyle 68% 65% NS 67% 69% NS 46% 79% p=0.004
“Action” specialty 25% 48% p<0.002 43% 36% NS 73% 25% p<0.001
Without long-term care 11% 13% NS 24% 10% NS 12% 11% NS
On-cal as an attending 41% 33% NS 33% 35% NS 44% 34% p=0.008
High salary 47% 48% NS 62% 45% NS 49% 46% NS
Private practice 47% 56% NS 38% 50% NS 51% 49% NS
Prestigious specialty 8% 15% p<0.003 5% 12% p<0.037 27% 8% p=0.002
Prestigious specialty 8% 14% NS 5% 10% NS 24% 7% p=0.007
Interesting specialty 91% 93% NS 81% 93% NS 93% 91% NS
Gender (Female) 68% 42% p<0.001 29% 52% p<0.043 24% 62%  
Marital status (Single) 47% 55% NS    NS 52% 59% NS
Specialty I am positively considering (n=34) (n=155))   (n=74) (n=102)   (n=41) (n=137)  
  15% 66%   32% 44%   18% 59%  
Interesting and challenging specialty 88% 27% p<0.001 93% 55% p<0.001 68% 9% p<0.001
Advanced specialty 68% 47% p=0.036 84% 60% p<0.001 29% 23% NS
Boring specialty 6% 39% p<0.001 3% 12% p<0.001 18% 65% P<0.001
Stressful specialty 44% 50% NS 88% 80% NS 12% 15% NS
Controllable lifestyle 26% 7% p=0.011 9% 7% NS 100% 94% NS
Work limited hours 12% 7% NS 11% 9% NS 93% 90% NS
Allows family time 18% 8% p=0.043 7% 6% NS 93% 92% NS
Long working hours 85% 74% NS 89% 84% NS 15% 4% P=0.028
Prestigious specialty (population) 59% 47% NS 71% 67% NS 8% 7% NS
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 26% 38% NS 64% 57% NS 0% 3% NS
Opportunities for private practice 97% 79% p<0.001 88% 88% NS 30% 41% NS
-High salary 82% 77% NS 84% 81% NS 33% 31% NS
Reasnable ratio of lifestyle vs. income 62% 50% p=0.042 51% 39% NS 93% 73% p=0.004
Academic opportunities 62% 42% NS 81% 74% NS 15% 6% P=0.012
Specialty in crisis 6% 3% NS 1% 4% NS 26% 15% NS
Requested specialty 62% 45% p=0.018 73% 73% NS 40% 28% NS
Selecion criteria          
Bedside specialty 53% 77% NS 74% 74% NS 85% 72% p=0.036
Direct aid to patients 76% 77% NS 76% 75% NS 80% 79% NS
Direct patient care 35% 68% p=0.004 57% 65% NS 78% 57% p=0.042
Time for childrearing 50% 77% p=0.023 66% 73% NS 95% 63% p<0.001
Family time 62% 84% p=0.016 76% 79% NS 95% 74% p<0.001
Only daytime work 15% 34% p=0.001 26% 29% NS 51% 20% p<0.001
Work outside the hospital 6% 12% p=0.046 7% 12% NS 24% 5% p<0.001
Long-term care 15% 45% p<0.001 41% 35% NS 68% 28% p<0.001
Family orientation 15% 39% p=0.003 36% 31% NS 70% 24% p<0.001
Immediate satisfaction 79% 46% p<0.001 70% 48% p<0.001 34% 63% p=0.003
Operating room time 74% 28% p<0.001 53% 33% p<0.001 17% 46% p<0.001
Performing procedures 85% 39% p<0.001 58% 41% NS 24% 55% p<0.001
Controllable lifestyle 68% 70% NS 59% 74% NS 83% 62% NS
“Action” specialty 59% 31% p<0.001 45% 34% p<0.008 15% 48% p<0.001
Without long-term care 9% 12% NS 11% 11% NS 10% 12% NS
On-cal as an attending 38% 37% p=0.029 37% 38% NS 27% 44% p=0.006
High salary 62% 43% p=0.024 53% 42% NS 46% 47% NS
Private practice 62% 45% p<0.001 58% 43% p<0.004 34% 56% p=0.022
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 18% 9% NS 13% 12% NS 3% 18% p=0.002
Prestigious specialty (population) 53% 48% NS 11% 11% NS 2% 16% p=0.039
Interesting specialty 91% 92% NS 92% 91% NS 88% 93% NS
Gender (female) 18% 63% p<0.001 55% 47% NS 68% 46% p=0.011
Marital status (single) 68% 50% p=0.021 43% 59% NS 44% 55% NS