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Table 5 Forecasts and recommendations

From: Sustainable health information exchanges: the role of institutional factors

Environment Forecasts Recommendation (to improve transition of care)
United States: HIEs • Changes in administration funding priorities that reduce government support for HIEs could seriously threaten the move to HIEs. • Provide interim funding for successful HIEs (in terms of volume of use) while making clear the timelines for a shift to private financing.
• There will be a “shake out” as some HIEs discover that they do not have a viable business model. • Continue move to incentives for value-based purchasing. This will encourage providers to invest in development and support of solutions that improve information flow at transition of care.
• Shift to ACOs will tend to accelerate growth of HIEs.
• Changes in reimbursement rules are likely to continue the move towards vertical integration of providers (hospitals acquiring group practices). Vertical integration will facilitate improved information flow. • Publish and support standards for coding medical information to facilitate structured vertical data sharing between different providers.
• Avoid the temptation to seek maximum data sharing that is not focused on providing benefits to ACOs. Seeking a maximal goal of totally free data flow between providers could undercut the financial incentives driving providers to join HIEs and share data.
• Eliminate incentives to not modify medication upon discharge (avoid perverse effect of medication reconciliation programs).
Israel: information flow at hospital intake/discharge • The non-Clalit health care providers will piggyback on OFEK, extending the reach of OFEK to the other HMOs, to government funded and other non-Clalit hospitals, and to other rehabilitation centers and extended care facilities. • Support easier information flow with promotion of standardized vocabulary/guidelines between the various HMOs and hospitals.
• The vertical integration of the HMOs provides strong ongoing incentive for improving information flow at hospital intake/discharge. We anticipate that information flow will continue to improve, either through improvements to OFEK or through development of new systems. • Mandate information sharing.
• Mandate improvements over time, such as alarms for test results received after the date of discharge. Mandated improvements will drive future enhancements to OFEK or other HIE systems.
• Clalit, by virtue of its ownership of hospitals, completing the medical services supply chain, and by virtue of its size, is likely to remain a dominant force in HIE and may continue to set de facto standards and platforms for information flow.