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Table 1 Characteristics of Nursing Homes (NHs) by number of beds category (small/large) in Haifa sub district in 20062007 (standard deviation and percentages in parenthesis)

From: Variables correlated with elderly referral from nursing homes to general hospitals

  Small NHs* N = 15 Large NHs** N = 17 P value
Specialized medical manager (%) 6 (40.0%) 7 (41.2%) .615
Physician availability per day    
 Up to 8 hours 10 (66.7%) 5 (29.4%) .102
 9-12 hours 2 (13.3%) 6 (35.3%)
 13 and more hours 3 (20.0%) 6 (35.3%)
Registered nurse availability per shift (%)    
 Morning 4 (26.7%) 2 (11.8%) .550
 Morning and afternoon 4 (26.7%) 6 (35.3%)
 Morning, afternoon and night 7 (46.7%) 9 (52.9%)
Referral form (%)    
 Direct 10 (66.7%) 15 (88.2%) .149
 Indirect 5 (33.3%) 2 (11.8%)
Average referral rate per 100 financed beds (SD)*** 69.1 (SD = 54.0) 63.7 (SD = 28.1) .722
Average annual mortality rate per 100 financed beds (SD) 35.3 (SD = 19.2) 31.3 (SD = 15.8) .525
Average length of stay in days in general hospitals (SD) 7.2 (SD = 3.3) 6.4 (SD = 1.5) .400
  1. Note: *Small NHs (<=49 licensed beds): were included 506 beds with 162 referrals to general hospitals in study period. **Large NHs (> = 50 licensed beds): were included 1829 beds with 887 referrals to general hospitals in study period. ***Financed by Ministry of Health.