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Table 1 Relative risk (RR) of SAM by smoking status, diagnosis and gender

From: The burden of smoking in Israel–attributable mortality and costs (2014)

Refs.   Males RR current   Females RR current  
    RR former   RR former
  Cancers:     
[7] Bladder 3.27 2.09 2.22 1.89
[7] Cervical na Na 1.59 1.14
  Endometrial na Na 0.74 0.88
[7] Esophageal 6.76 4.46 7.75 2.79
[7] Larengeal 14.60 6.34 13.02 5.16
[7] Leukemia 1.86 1.33 1.13 1.38
[13] Lung 22.25 6.06 21.15 5.75
[7] Lip, bucal, pharynx 10.89 3.40 5.08 2.29
[7] Pancreatic 2.31 1.15 2.25 1.55
[7] Renal 2.72 1.73 1.29 1.05
[7] Stomach 1.96 1.47 1.36 1.32
[13, 30] Unspecified 2.31 1.41 1.83 1.26
[13, 30] Other cancers (a) 4.16 1.83 1.06 1.01
  Respiratory:     
[13] Tuberculosis 3.49 1.92 2.51 2.32
[13] Bronchitis 19.66 5.67 19.67 7.55
[13] COPD inc emphysema 21.08 5.97 19.09 8.05
[13] Pneumonia 3.99 1.96 2.21 1.68
[13, 31] Asthma adults 1.99 1.26 2.18 1.48
[13, 30, 32] Other respiratory (b) 1.94 1.25 3.09 2.17
  Vascular:     
[13] Rheumatic heart disease 2.17 1.17 2.01 1.18
[7] Aortic aneurism 6.21 3.07 7.07 2.07
[13] Coronary artery disease 2.87 1.55 3.03 1.49
[13] Coronary heart disease 2.71 1.51 3.01 1.49
[13, 30] Cardiac dysrhythmias 4.29 1.93 4.29 1.66
[13, 30] Myocardial infarction 2.01 1.31 8.84 3.44
[13, 30] Peripheral vascular disease 7.73 3.03 7.73 3.09
[7, 13, 30] Other heart diseases (c) 2.17 1.25 2.02 1.19
  Cerebrovascular disease     
[13] Ages 35-64 2.47 1.35 2.15 1.35
[13] Ages 65+ 1.74 1.16 1.85 1.26
  Digestive system:     
[1721] Crohn’s disease 1.70 1.22 1.70 1.22
[1416] Peptic ulcers 2.00 1.28 2.36 1.39
[1723] Ulcerative colitis 0.70 1.55 0.70 1.55
  Endocrine-metabolic     
[13] Diabetes 1.86 1.31 1.62 1.31
  Other:     
  Parkinson’s disease 0.37 0.76 0.36 0.69
  (a) includes breast, respiratory in situ, renal pelvis and vulvar  
  (b) includes cough, dsypnoea and other respiratory diseases