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Table 1 a Major obstacles perceived by nurses and physicians in NICUs (%)

From: Examining professional boundaries between nurses and physicians in neonatal intensive care units

Problems Total N = 425 Nurses N = 380 Physicians N = 45
Shortage of physicians/nurses 72 73 67
High occupancy and over-capacity 67 67 72
Shortage of auxiliary manpower (secretary, social worker etc.) 42 42 40
Physicians’ knowledge and training 32 33 24
Shortage of research done in NICUs 32 31 37
Old equipment 31 32 22
Inappropriate division of labor between physicians and nurses* 28 29 20
Physician availability* 27 28 16
Nurses’ knowledge and training 27 28 24
Little authority of nurses 26 26 33
Absence of written procedures for administrative and logistic activities* 24 25 13
Absence of uniform regulations/guidelines for treating neonates 21 22 13
  1. *0.05 < p < 0.1.
  2. aNote: Respondents reported “to a large/very large extent” to the question: “To what extent is each of the following topics a problem in your work in the NICU?”