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Table 2 Responders who "always" complied with specific elements of aseptic technique for neuraxial analgesia – raw descriptive data; 2006 and 2009

From: Performance of aseptic technique during neuraxial analgesia for labor before and after the publication of international guidelines on aseptic technique

Variable Group 2006 Number/total (%) 2009 Number/total (%)
Handwashing Males 38/91 (41.8) 49/88 (55.7)
  Females 20/34 (58.8) 26/35 (74.3)
  Attendings 28/62 (45.2) 42/62 (67.7)
  Residents 29/55 (52.7) 34/58 (58.6)
  Non-residents 2/12 (16.7) 2/6 (33.3)
Removes jewelry watch Males 49/88 (55.7) 68/88 (77.3)
  Females 15/34 (44.1) 18/35 (51.4)
  Attendings 30/62 (48.4) 43/62 (69.4)
  Residents 33/53 (62.3) 42/57 (73.7)
  Non-residents 4/11 (36.4) 3/7 (42.9)
Wears mask Males 63/90 (70.0) 74/89 (83.1)
  Females 27/35 (77.1) 25/35 (71.4)
  Attendings 44/63 (69.8) 44/62 (71.0)
  Residents 42/54 (77.8) 54/58 (93.1)
  Non-residents 4/12 (33.3) 4/7 (57.1)
Wears sterile gown Males 35/90 (38.9) 52/89 (58.4)
  Females 17/35 (48.6) 19/35 (54.3)
  Attendings 26/62 (41.9) 36/62 (51.6)
  Residents 26/55 (47.3) 37/58 (63.8)
  Non-residents 3/12 (25.0) 5/7 (71.4)
Wears cap Males 58/91 (63.7) 72/89 (80.9)
  Females 22/35 (62.9) 25/35 (71.4)
  Attendings 37/63 (58.7) 43/62 (69.4)
  Residents 39/55 (70.9) 53/58 (91.4)
  Non-residents 4/12 (33.3) 4/7 (57.1)
  1. Compliance with any specific aseptic technique defined as "always" versus all other responses ("usually, rarely or never").
  2. Note: Not all questions were answered by all respondents (95.5% of primary endpoint data in 2006, 99.5% in 2007), so the denominator is not constant throughout.