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Table 3 Responders who "always" complied with specific elements of aseptic technique for neuraxial analgesia – comparison between 2006 and 2009: percentages and results from logistic regression

From: Performance of aseptic technique during neuraxial analgesia for labor before and after the publication of international guidelines on aseptic technique

Variable 2006 2009 Effect of year (Odds ratio; 95% CI; p-value) Effect of hospital (p-value)
Handwash-mask composite (i.e., ALWAYS handwashing; ALWAYS mask) 33% 58% 0.32; 0.17–0.60; 0.0003 0.0005*
Handwashing 37% 63% 0.31; 0.17–0.59; 0.0003 0.0004**
Jewelry 51% 69% 0.48; 0.26–0.86; 0.014 0.26
Mask 61% 78% 0.29; 0.13–0.64; 0.0024 < 0.0001**
Gown 32% 51% 0.27; 0.13–0.55; 0.0004 < 0.0001**
Cap 53% 76% 0.31; 0.16–0.61; 0.0006 0.0011**
  1. Compliance with any specific aseptic technique defined as "always" versus all other responses ("usually, rarely or never"). Percentages averaged from all hospitals in the sampling frame.
  2. Statistical assessment based on logistic regression.
  3. *Significant at the p < 0.05 level; (main outcome).
  4. **Significant at the p < 0.01 corrected Bonferroni level.