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Table 2 Number and percentage of courses offered in medical schools and graduate programs in psychology and social work in Israel addressing primary prevention, both indirect and direct 1 (Academic year 2011–1012)

From: Primary mental health prevention themes in published research and academic programs in Israel

  Universal primary prevention Selective primary prevention Indicated primary prevention
Graduate programs in psychology
University I 2
Adult clinical psychology program 0 courses n: 1 course 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 20   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 1  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Trauma – coping and consequences  
Child clinical psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 24    
Rehabilitation psychology 0 courses n: 1 course 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 25   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 1  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: The consequences of disability
University II
Adult clinical psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 23    
Child clinical psychology 0 courses n: 2 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 21   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/ related – 2  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Resilience of children under conditions of deprivation, trauma and violence  
University III
Clinical psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N =24    
Neuro-rehabilitation psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 23    
University IV
Adult clinical psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 17    
University V
Clinical psychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 22    
Clinical-educational psychology n: 3 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 21 Direct – 0   
  Indirect/related – 3   
  Example:   
  Indirect/related: The educational psychologist's work   
Neuropsychology 0 courses 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 21    
Developmental psychology n: 1 course 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N =19 Direct – 0   
  Indirect/related – 1   
  Example:   
  Indirect/related: Parenting and attachment   
Graduate Programs in Social Work
University I 0 courses n: 2 courses n: 1 course
Reviewed courses: N =38   Direct – 0 Direct – 0
   Indirect/related – 2 Indirect/related – 1
   Example: Example:
   Indirect/related: Violence in the family Indirect/related: Children at risk and out of home placement
University II n: 9 courses (8.6%) n: 8 courses 0 courses
  Direct – 1 Direct – 2  
Reviewed courses: N =104 Indirect/related – 8 (7.7%) Indirect/related – 6 (5.8%)  
  Example: Example:  
  Direct: Stress and suicide – Direct: The theoretical basis for  
  treatment, prevention and education interventions in traumatic situations  
  Indirect/related: Women's health: Psychological, behavioral and social aspects Indirect/related: Children in trauma situations  
University III n: 5 courses (6%): n: 5 courses (6%): n: 2 courses
   Direct – 0 Direct – 0
Reviewed courses: N =84 Direct – 2 Indirect/related – 5 (5.9%) Indirect/related – 2
  Indirect/related – 3   
  Example: Example: Example:
  Direct: Parenting helps in preventing abuse of psychoactive substances Indirect/related: Populations involved in risk behaviors Indirect/related: Out of home placement of children and youth at risk
  Indirect/related: Stigma in the mental health field: Implications for the individual, the family and the community   
University IV n: 1 course n: 2 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N = 42 Direct – 0 Direct – 0  
  Indirect/related – 1 Indirect/related – 2  
  Example: Example:  
  Indirect/related: Drug policy Indirect/related: Psychological processes in migration  
Medical School
University II n: 1 course   
Reviewed courses: N =95 Direct – 0   
  Indirect/related – 1 0 courses 0 courses
  Example:   
  Indirect/related: Epidemiology and preventive care   
University III n: 1 course 0 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N =108 Direct – 0   
  Indirect/ related – 1   
  Example:   
  Indirect/related: Growth and development   
University VI 0 courses n: 2 courses 0 courses
Reviewed courses: N =168   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 2  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Loss and grief  
  1. 1Direct primary prevention refers to interventions that can be applied directly (e.g., prevention programs for mental health problems); indirect/related primary prevention refers to studies providing information on modifiable factors that could be used ultimately in primary prevention interventions.2 Romanic numbers stand for name of a specified university.