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Table 3 Number and percentage of masters and doctoral theses in psychology and social work in universities in Israel addressing primary prevention, both direct and indirect 1

From: Primary mental health prevention themes in published research and academic programs in Israel

Category Indicated primary prevention Selective primary prevention Universal primary prevention
Masters and doctoral theses in psychology and social work departments in five universities in Israel. n: 6 Masters and doctoral theses (0.36%): n: 106 Masters and doctoral theses (5.4%): n: 11 Masters and doctoral theses (0.6%):
Reviewed doctoral and master's theses: N = 1960 Direct – 2 Direct – 2 Direct – 1
  Indirect/related – 4 Indirect/related – 104 (5.3%) Indirect/related – 10 (0.5%)
Doctoral Theses in Psychology
University I 2 0 Theses n: 8 Doctoral theses (6.5%): 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 123   Direct – 1  
   Indirect/related – 7 (5.7%)  
   Examples:  
   Direct: The interaction between suicidal behavior and socio-cultural factors: A new examination of the  
   sequence approach compared with the categorical approach (part of the WHO Suicide Prevention project in Europe)  
   Indirect/related: Risk and resilience factors for the development of post-traumatic stress disorder among infants as a result of extended exposure to terrorism and warfare  
University II 0 Theses n: 1 Doctoral thesis 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 26   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 1  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: The relationship between difficult life experiences, subjective well-being, adjustment in aging and morbidity  
University III 0 Theses n: 1 Doctoral thesis n: 1 Doctoral thesis
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 34   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 1  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Genetic factors and personality traits associated with anorexia nervosa among female athletes and not-athletes  
    Direct – 0
    Indirect/related – 1
    Example:
    Indirect/related: The role of cognitions in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder
University IV 0 Theses n: 3 Doctoral theses n: 2 Doctoral theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 35   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 3  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Vulnerability to depression and somatization among Bedouin and Jewish students  
    Direct – 0
    Indirect/related – 2
    Example:
    Indirect/related: Early developmental pathways in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
University V 0 Theses n: 6 Doctoral theses (16.6%): 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 36   Directed – 0  
   Indirect/related – 6 (16.6%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Psychological adjustment following the experience of combat: a comparative study among soldiers who were injured or lost their teammates during a combat  
Master's Theses in Psychology
University I n: 2 Master's theses Direct – 0 n: 9 Master's theses (3.6%) 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 248 Indirect/related – 2 Direct – 0  
  Example:   
  Indirect/related: The relationship between major life events, personality and depression and anxiety among youth in the general population   
   Indirect/related – 9 (3.6%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: The impact of social support, self-disclosure and life events on psychological distress, depression and suicidal tendency among Gush Katif evacuees groups during the Disengagement Plan  
University II n: 1 Master's thesis n: 8 Master's theses (3%) n: 2 Master's theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 267 Direct – 1 (0.4%) Direct – 0  
  Indirect/related – 0 Indirect/related – 8 (3%)  
  Example: Example:  
  Direct: Political violence and psychological distress: The impact of a school based intervention program on behavioral problems and post-traumatic stress disorder among adolescents Indirect/related: Children of migrant workers in Israel: Self-esteem and self-efficacy as moderating factors in the relationship between minority stress and psychological distress and behavioral problems  
    Direct – 1
    Indirect/related – 1
    Example:
    Direct: Resilience in the face of political violence: A school based intervention program for youth at risk: Behavioral problems and social support
    Indirect/related: When the senses are too sharp: Sensory regulation, ritual and anxiety among preschoolers
University III n: 1 Master's thesis n: 6 Master's theses (3.7%) 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 163 Direct – 1(0.6%) Direct – 0  
  Indirect/related – 0 Indirect/related – 6 (3.7%)  
  Example: Example:  
  Direct: Primary prevention of eating disorders: Examination of the effectiveness of an experimental program for preventing an eating disorder at young ages Indirect/related: Predictors of emotional distress among delinquent adolescents residing in sponsored dormitories: individual and familial risk factors, and gender differences  
University IV 0 Theses n: 3 Master's theses n: 5 Master's theses (3.3%):
Reviewed master's theses: N = 153   Direct – 0 Direct – 0
   Indirect/related – 3 Indirect/related – 5 (3.3%)
   Example: Example:
   Indirect/related – "You're abnormal if you're not afraid": Coping and resilience in the discourse of Israeli bus drivers who have experienced terrorist attacks Indirect/related – Examining effortful control ability and negative emotionality in 2 & 3 years of age children at risk of ADHD
University V 0 Theses n: 7 Master's theses (2.5%) 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 278   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 7 (2.5%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Loss and trauma: The impact of losing a teammate during battle on the psychological adjustment of soldiers who took part in the battle  
Doctoral Theses in Social Work
University I 0 Theses n: 2 Doctoral theses n: 1 Doctoral thesis
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 76   Direct – 0 Direct – 0
   Indirect/related – 2 Indirect/related – 1
   Example: Example:
   Indirect/related: Loss of resources, personal values and development of distress among Israeli terror victims, natives and immigrants Indirect/related: The predictive value cognitive and behavioral characteristics for a psychotic episode among adolescents
University II n: 1 Doctoral thesis n: 2 Doctoral theses 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 22 Direct – 0 Direct – 0  
  Indirect/related – 1 Indirect/related – 2  
  Example: Example:  
  Indirect/related: Gambling among teens: Association with temperament, coherence and exposure to advertisement Indirect/related: Behavioral and emotional functioning of adolescents who were adopted at infancy and adolescents who were adopted after age two  
University III 0 Theses n: 6 Doctoral theses (14.3%) 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 42   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 6 (14.3%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Exposure to violence in the community and its consequences among adolescents in Israel: Can family and teachers' support moderate the negative effects of the exposure?  
University IV 0 Theses n: 2 Doctoral theses (25%) 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 8   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 2 (25%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Childbirth as re-traumatization: Childhood sexual abuse and its effects on symptoms of distress before and after giving birth  
University V 0 Theses n: 2 Doctoral theses 0 Theses
Reviewed doctoral theses: N = 24   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 2  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related – Pick and get hurt? The effect of working with battered women on their care providers' life  
Master's Theses in Social Work
University I 0 Theses n: 5 Masters theses (7%): 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 71   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 5 (7%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: Grow and overcome: youth after the Second Lebanon War: The relationship among the characteristics of the exposure, the eviction from home and the school atmosphere on stress reactions a year after the war  
University II 0 Theses n: 10 Master's theses (7.6%): 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 131   Direct – 0  
   Indirect/related – 10 (7.6%)  
   Example:  
   Indirect/related: The relationship between the intergenerational conflict among Arab female adolescents and the tendency to develop an eating disorder  
University IV 0 Theses n: 13 Master's theses (18.1%): 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 72   Direct – 1  
   Indirect/related – 12 (16.7%)  
   Example:  
   Direct: Success factors in culturally sensitive interventions of Maslan – Rape Crisis Center in the Negev  
   Indirect/related: Consequences of political violence on mental, social and familial functioning of youth from the Gaza Strip and West Bank  
University V n: 1 Master's thesis n: 12 Master's theses (8%): 0 Theses
Reviewed master's theses: N = 151 Direct – 0 Direct – 0  
  Indirect/related – 1 (0.7%) Indirect/related – 12 (8%)  
  Example: Example:  
  Indirect/related: The relationship between eating disorders and body image and media exposure and sense of empowerment among adolescence in Israel Indirect/related: Long-term effects of the Second Lebanon War on Adolescents: The connection between level of exposure and personal and social resources with post-traumatic symptoms, anxiety, and perception of the future  
  1. 1Direct primary prevention refers to interventions that can be applied directly (e.g., prevention programs for mental health problems); indirect/related primary prevention refers to studies providing information on modifiable factors that could be used ultimately in primary prevention interventions.
  2. 2Romanic numbers stand for name of a specified university 2007–2012.