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Table 1 Underrepresentation in medicine: physicians in relation to others among the entire population by ethnicity and gender

From: Intersectionality and underrepresentation among health care workforce: the case of Arab physicians in Israel

  Physicians Others Comparison
  (n = 504) (n = 101550)
  No. % No. % d.f χ 2
Jews 426 0.51% 82328 99.49% 1 10.63 *
Arabs 64 0.34% 19020 99.66%   
Men 278 0.54% 50966 99.46% 1 7.09 *
Women 226 0.43% 52584 99.57%   
Jewish men 219 0.54% 40220 99.46% 3 25.90 **
Jewish women 207 0.49% 42108 99.51%   
Arab men 51 0.52% 9767 99.48%   
Arab women 13 0.14% 9253 99.86%   
  1. * p < .01. ** p < .001.