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Table 2 Mean differences of attitudes toward expanding nurses’ authority (three domains) by demographic and professional characteristics

From: Attitudes toward expanding nurses’ authority

  1. Areas of expanding 2. Quality improvement 3. Importance of expanding
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Gender    
Male 4.3 (1.1) 4.6 (1.1) 5.1 (1.1)
Female 4.0 (1.2) 4.4 (1.1) 4.8 (1.2)
  t = −2.8** t = −2.1* t = −2.1*
Academic Accreditation    
No 3.9 (1.3) 4.5 (1.1) 4.7 (1.3)
Yes 4.1 (1.2) 4.5 (1.1) 4.9 (1.1)
  t = −1.8(NS) t = −.17(NS) t = −1.9*
Management Position    
No 4.1 (1.2) 4.4 (1.1) 4.8 (1.1)
Yes 4.4 (1.1) 4.6 (1.1) 4.9 (1.1)
  t = −3.9** t = −3.9* t = −1.8(NS)
  1. *p-value < .05 **p-value < .01.