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Table 1 Age-standardized mortality rates per 100,000 for underlying and multiple cause, Standardized Ratio of Multiple to Underlying cause (SRMU) and average number of causes by country, selected causes of death, 2009a

From: High Israeli mortality rates from diabetes and renal failure - Can international comparison of multiple causes of death reflect differences in choice of underlying cause?

Cause of death/country France Italy USA Czech Republic Australia b Israel
Standardized mortality rate for underlying cause (UC)       
Diabetes 20 33 31 27 18 59
Ischemic heart disease 68 126 181 337 108 111
Other heart disease 74 68 58 70 N/A 37
Cerebrovascular disease 56 104 61 140 55 54
Renal Failure 12 15 20 8 10c 38
Total mortality 968 986 1100 1248 885 d 920
Standardized mortality rate for multiple cause (MC)       
Diabetes 60 117 106 169 61 159
Ischemic heart disease 109 200 257 551 174 227
Other heart disease 211 297 221 479 N/A 227
Cerebrovascular disease 97 194 102 245 96 142
Renal Failure 68 138 103 83 58 178
SRMU       
Diabetes 3.0 3.5 3.4 6.2 3.4 2.7
Ischemic heart disease 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 2.0
Other heart disease 2.9 2.7 3.8 6.8 N/A 6.1
Cerebrovascular disease 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.6
Renal Failure 5.6 9.4 5.0 9.9 5.9c 4.7
Average number of causes (without ill defined) 2.5 3.3 2.6 3.1 3.1 3.5
  1. Source of data: Italy [14], France [15], USA [16], Czech Republic [17]
  2. Australia: Australian institute of Health and Welfare publication [5]
  3. Total mortality – includes all causes of deaths
  4. a Australia – 2007, unstandardized rates, Czech Republic – 2011
  5. b Cause specific mortality rates for Australia are not standardized
  6. c For chronic and unspecified renal failure (N18-N19), and for other countries N17-N19
  7. d Standardized rate for 2009: Based on data downloaded from the Australian institute of Health and Welfare [35]