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Table 4 The population percentage spending on any private finance by selected characteristics (%)

From: Private finance of services covered by the National Health Insurance package of benefits in Israel

Income quintiles 1 2 3 4 5 p
 Total care 10 12 14 15 23 0.000
 Hospitalization 10 15 14 16 25 0.000
 Primary care 8 9 10 11 16 0.000
 Secondary care 12 15 16 15 22 0.101
 Paramedical care 15 24 30 34 45 0.000
Number of chronic conditions 0 1+ p    
 Total care 13 14 0.248    
 Hospitalization 17 14 0.099    
 Primary care 9 11 0.073    
 Secondary care 16 16 0.890    
 Paramedical care 30 32 0.664    
Yrs. of schooling 0–8 9–12 13+ p   
 Total care 10 15 16 0.000   
 Hospitalization 9 17 17 0.003   
 Primary care 8 10 11 0.078   
 Secondary care 16 16 17 0.192   
 Paramedical care 20 23 38 0.004   
Age 0–24 25–64 65–75 75+ p  
 Total care 15 15 13 13 0.098  
 Hospitalization 15 17 13 13 0.305  
 Primary care 9 11 9 11 0.327  
 Secondary care 22 15 15 14 0.029  
 Paramedical care 43 26 26 23 0.002  
Gender Men Women p    
 Total care 15 16 0.000    
 Hospitalization 15 15 0.896    
 Primary care 9 11 0.047    
 Secondary care 18 15 0.091    
 Paramedical care 31 30 0.740