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Table 2 Socioeconomic characteristics associated with cigarette smoking status: univariate analysis

From: Social characteristics associated with disparities in smoking rates in Israel

  Men Women
Never N = 1,704 Past N = 844 Current N = 1,139 P Never N = 2,748 Past N = 444 Current N = 645 P
Years of education; N, (%)     <0.0001     <0.0001
 0-8 75 (29.1) 77 (29.8) 106 (41.1)   257 (82.1) 25 (8.0) 31 (9.9)  
 9-12 413 (39.1) 195 (18.5) 449 (42.5)   620 (70.4) 78 (8.9) 183 (20.8)  
 13+ 1,207 (51.4) 563 (24.0) 580 (24.7)   1,792 (70.1) 337 (13.2) 426 (16.7)  
Employment status; N, (%)     <0.0001     <0.0001
 Employed 1,221 (46.7) 550 (21.0) 846 (32.3)   1,470 (66.5) 283 (12.8) 458 (20.7)  
 Unemployed 53 (31.9) 26 (15.7) 87 (52.4)   129 (77.7) 8 (4.8) 29 (17.5)  
 Not included in the labor force 430 (47.6) 268 (29.7) 206 (22.8)   1,149 (78.7) 153 (10.5) 158 (10.8)  
Mean gross income per-capita per month; N, (%)     <0.0001     <0.0001
 <2,000 NIS 439 (44.3) 187 (18.9) 365 (36.8)   875 (80.9) 74 (6.8) 133 (12.3)  
 2,000-4,000 NIS 427 (45.4) 239 (25.4) 275 (29.2)   746 (70.2) 116 (10.9) 201 (18.9)  
 >4,000 NIS 605 (48.5) 323 (25.9) 320 (25.6)   711 (64.2) 188 (17.0) 208 (18.8)  
 No information 233 (46.0) 95 (18.7) 179 (35.3)   416 (71.1) 66 (11.3) 103 (17.6)  
  Men (N = 3,686) Women (N = 3,837)
  Never N = 1,704 Past N = 844 Current N = 1,139 P Never N = 2,748 Past N = 444 Current N = 645 P
Possession of material assets; N, (%)     <0.0001     <0.0001
 Neither car nor house 221 (41.0) 97 (18.0) 221 (41.0)   418 (66.8) 72 (11.5) 136 (21.7)  
 Car only 166 (39.6) 82 (19.6) 171 (40.8)   213 (57.7) 60 (16.3) 96 (26.0)  
 House only 324 (46.8) 172 (24.8) 197 (28.4)   737 (80.3) 80 (8.7) 101 (11.0)  
 A car and a house 650 (48.7) 314 (23.5) 372 (27.8)   931 (74.3) 131 (10.5) 191 (15.2)  
 A house and two cars or more 187 (50.8) 79 (21.5) 102 (27.7)   254 (65.8) 49 (12.7) 83 (21.5)  
 Two houses or more 156 (47.0) 100 (30.1) 76 (22.9)   195 (68.4) 52 (18.3) 38 (13.3)  
Being successful in meeting living expenses; N, (%)     <0.0001     <0.0001
 Highly successful 375 (58.5) 137 (21.4) 129 (20.1)   402 (72.4) 70 (12.6) 83 (15.0)  
 Somewhat successful 847 (47.5) 434 (24.3) 504 (28.2)   1,407 (74.2) 221 (11.7) 269 (14.2)  
 Not very successful 368 (38.7) 205 (21.6) 377 (39.7)   734 (70.2) 113 (10.8) 199 (19.0)  
 Unsuccessful 95 (34.3) 61 (22.0) 121 (43.7)   177 (59.2) 38 (12.7) 84 (13.2)