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Table 2 Socio-demographic and health-related characteristics of patients in the entire study group and in the sub-groups categorized by recommendation implementation

From: Which factors affect the implementation of geriatric recommendations by primary care physicians?

   Q1- Implementation 0–24% (N = 124) Q2- Implementation 25–49% (N = 103) Q3- Implementation 50-50–74% (N = 143) Q4- Implementation 75–100% (N = 118) P* P**
   N % N % N % N %
Gender Male 39 31.5 37 35.9 54 37.8 38 32.2 0.67 0.98
  Female 85 68.5 66 64.1 89 62.2 80 67.8
   124   103   143   118  
Age (years) Mean ± SD 83.7 ± 6.5 83.8 ± 6.0 83.6 ± 5.5 83.5 ± 5.9 0.972 0.775
  Range 67–100 70–103 69–97 67–96
   124   103   143   118  
Family Status Married 47 42.7 44 49.4 55 48.2 47 51.6 0.62 0.263
  Other 63 57.3 45 50.6 59 51.8 44 48.4
   110 (mis = 14) 89 (mis = 14) 114 (mis = 29) 91 (mis = 27)
Education (years) Mean ± SD 8.8 ± 5.2 9.8 ± 4.7 9.5 ± 5.2 9.3 ± 4.9 0.489 0.477
  Range 0–20 0–20 0–20 0–20
   114 (mis = 10) 93 (mis = 10) 131 (mis = 12) 96 (mis = 22)
Barthel Index
(0–100)
Mean ± SD 82.8 ± 16.2 84.1 ± 16.9 84.7 ± 15.8 87.0 ± 15.3 0.149 0.027
Range 35–100 25–100 30–100 35–100
   115 (mis = 9) 96 (mis = 7) 132 (mis = 11) 115 (mis = 3)
OARS- IADLa
(0–14)
Mean ± SD 7.2 ± 3.5 7.4 ± 3.7 7.4 ± 3.2 8.2 ± 3.7 0.126 0.03
Range 0–14 0–14 0–14 14-ינו
   116 (mis = 8) 96 (mis = 7) 135 (mis = 8) 115 (mis = 3)
MMSEb (0–30) Mean ± SD 21.33 ± 5.88 22.42 ± 5.76 21.58 ± 5.41 23.02 ± 4.71 0.106 0.052
  Range 6–30 2–30 6–30 8–30
   109 (mis = 15) 96 (mis = 7) 137 (mis = 6) 113 (mis = 5)
CDTc (0–10) Mean ± SD 6.4 ± 3.2 6.6 ± 2.9 6.2 ± 2.9 6.7 ± 2.9 0.56 0.51
  Range 0–10 0–10 0–10 0–10
   111 (mis = 13) 98 (mis = 5) 137 (mis = 6) 115 (mis = 3)
High DSd Yes 81 83.5 68 85.0 96 79.3 76 79.2 0.65 0.55
  No 16 16.5 12 15.0 25 20.7 20 20.8
   97 (mis = 27) 80 (mis = 23) 121 (mis = 22) 96 (mis = 22)
CCITSe Mean ± SD 2.5 ± 1.9 2.4 ± 2.0 2.2 ± 1.7 1.8 ± 1.7 0.029 0.0044
  Range 0–8 0–11 0–8 0–8
   105 (mis = 19) 96 (mis = 7) 117 (mis = 26) 92 (mis = 26)
Number of medications per month Mean ± SD 7.87 ± 4.43 8.35 ± 4.28 8.13 ± 4.32 8.19 ± 4.41 0.768 0.434
Range 1.0–23.7 1.0–23.7 1.3–26.0 0.7–29.7
  115 (mis = 9) 94 (mis = 9) 132 (mis = 11) 105 (mis = 13)
  1. P* among all Q groups, P** between Q1/Q4
  2. aOARS-IADL- the Older Americans Resources and Service Instrumental Activity of Daily Living; bMMSE- Mini-mental State Examination; cCDT-Clock drawing test; dHigh DS- High depression score: a composite score comprised of patients with a GDS-15 score ≥ 5, or a PHQ-9 score ≥10; eCCITS- the Charlson Comorbidity Index- Total Score