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Table 1 Ethnic difference in demographic characteristics of the study population

From: A national survey of ethnic differences in knowledge and understanding of supplementary health insurance

   Arabs Jews P value
(N = 800) (N = 814)
n, % n, %
Age (years) Mean (STD) 47.0 (11.9) 50.6 (12.5) P < 0.001
Min-Max [25–75] [25–75]
Gender     P = 0.853
  Males 358 (44.8%) 368 (45.2%)  
  Females 442 (55.2%) 446 (54.8%)  
Marital status     P < 0.001
  Single/Divorced/Separated/Single parent/Widow 103 (12.9%) 137 (16.9%)  
  Married/live with a partner 696 (87.1%) 674 (83.1%)  
Number of children less than 18 years Mean (STD) 1.56 (1.6) 1.44 (1.8) P = 0.169
[Min-Max] [0–10] [0–10]
Employment     P < 0.001
  Salaried 362 (45.4%) 512 (63.0%)  
  Self employed 90 (11.3%) 89 (11.0%)  
  Pensioner 64 (8.0%) 106 (13.0%)  
  Othera 282 (35.3%) 105 (12.9%)  
Household income     
  Below average 405 (53.4%) 211 (30.9%)  
  Average 196 (25.8%) 166 (24.3%)  
  Above average 158 (20.8%) 305 (44.7%)  
Education     P < 0.001
  Less than high school 325 (50.0%) 103 (12.8%)  
  High school –matriculation 151 (19.0%) 116 (14.4%)  
  Academic 269 (33.9%) 454 (56.3%)  
  Professional and others 48 (6.0%) 134 (16.6%)  
Chronic disease     P = 0.801
  Yes 219 (27.4%) 224 (28.0%)  
  No 580 (72.6%) 577 (72.0%)  
Medication     P < 0.001
  Yes 307 (38.4%) 328 (40.7%)  
  No 492 (61.6%) 477 (59.2%)  
Overall health status     P < 0.001
  Bad 57 (7.2%) 37 (4.6%)  
  Good 159 (20.0%) 112 (14.0%)  
  Very Good 577 (72.8%) 651 (81.4)  
Owning SHI     
  Yes 497(62.1%) 743(91.3%) P < 0.001
  No 303(37.9%) 71(8.7%)  
  1. a“Other” Include: Stay at home parents, students and unemployed