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Table 2 Importance of Specialty Selection Criteria: Comparison of Students Interested in FM vs those Interested in Other Specialties

From: Medical students’ perceptions of a career in family medicine

  ALL Fam Med (N=41) ALL Others (N=177) p value MALES Fam Med (N=13) MALES Others (N=91) p value FEMALE Fam Med (N=28) FEMALE Others (N=86) p value
  N % mis N % mis N % mis N % mis N % mis N % mis
Bedside specialty 34 85.0% 1 125 70.6% 0 0.075 12 100.0% 1 58 63.7% 0 0.008 22 78.6% 0 67 77.9% 0 1.000
Immediate satisfaction 14 34.1% 0 102 57.6% 0 0.009 6 46.2% 0 55 60.4% 0 0.376 8 28.6% 0 47 54.7% 0 0.018
Family-oriented specialty 28 70.0% 1 46 26.3% 2 <0.0001 7 58.3% 1 18 20.0% 1 0.008 21 75.0% 0 28 32.9% 1 <0.0001
Medical administration 7 17.1% 0 41 23.4% 2 0.531 2 15.4% 0 25 27.5% 0 0.506 5 17.9% 0 16 19.0% 2 1.000
Direct patient care 32 78.0% 0 100 56.5% 0 0.013 9 69.2% 0 43 47.3% 0 0.235 23 82.1% 0 57 66.3% 0 0.154
Time in the operating room 7 17.1% 0 75 42.6% 1 0.002 2 15.4% 0 41 45.6% 1 0.068 5 17.9% 0 34 39.5% 0 0.041
Controllable lifestyle 34 82.9% 0 116 65.5% 0 0.039 11 84.6% 0 56 61.5% 0 0.130 23 82.1% 0 60 69.8% 0 0.231
Work only in the hospital 8 20.0% 1 36 20.3% 0 1.000 1 8.3% 1 16 17.6% 0 0.685 7 25.0% 0 20 23.3% 0 1.000
Specialty without long-term patient care 4 9.8% 0 21 12.0% 2 0.793 0 0.0% 0 11 12.2% 1 0.351 4 14.3% 0 10 11.8% 1 0.745
High salaries 19 46.3% 0 83 46.9% 0 1.000 8 61.5% 0 46 50.5% 0 0.559 11 39.3% 0 37 43.0% 0 0.827
Perform procedures 10 24.4% 0 95 53.7% 0 0.001 4 30.8% 0 56 61.5% 0 0.068 6 21.4% 0 39 45.3% 0 0.027
Time with family 39 95.1% 0 134 76.1% 1 0.005 12 92.3% 0 61 67.8% 1 0.102 27 96.4% 0 73 84.9% 0 0.182
Academic opportunities 12 29.3% 0 96 54.2% 0 0.005 2 15.4% 0 55 60.4% 0 0.003 10 35.7% 0 41 47.7% 0 0.285
Possibility for private practice 14 34.1% 0 94 53.1% 0 0.037 3 23.1% 0 59 64.8% 0 0.006 11 39.3% 0 35 40.7% 0 1.000
On-call duty as an attending 11 26.8% 0 71 40.1% 0 0.152 5 38.5% 0 30 33.0% 0 0.757 6 21.4% 0 41 47.7% 0 0.016
Prestigious specialty (colleagues) 1 2.5% 1 27 15.3% 0 0.034 0 0.0% 1 20 22.0% 0 0.117 1 3.6% 0 7 8.1% 0 0.677
Specialty with "action" 6 14.6% 0 76 42.9% 0 0.001 4 30.8% 0 46 50.5% 0 0.240 2 7.1% 0 30 34.9% 0 0.004
Care over the long-term 28 68.3% 0 56 31.6% 0 <0.0001 9 69.2% 0 22 24.2% 0 0.002 19 67.9% 0 34 39.5% 0 0.016
Experience during clerkship 22 55.0% 1 81 46.0% 1 0.381 6 50.0% 1 39 42.9% 0 0.760 16 57.1% 0 42 49.4% 1 0.519
Prestigious specialty (population) 1 2.4% 0 23 13.1% 1 0.054 0 0.0% 0 17 18.9% 1 0.119 1 3.6% 0 6 7.1% 1 0.679
Work outside the hospital 10 24.4% 0 12 6.9% 2 0.002 1 7.7% 0 5 5.5% 0 0.561 9 32.1% 0 7 8.3% 2 0.004
Specialty with direct aid to the patient 33 80.5% 0 135 76.7% 1 0.683 11 84.6% 0 69 75.8% 0 0.728 22 78.6% 0 66 77.6% 1 1.000
Time for childrearing 39 95.1% 0 118 67.0% 1 <0.0001 12 92.3% 0 50 54.9% 0 0.013 27 96.4% 0 68 80.0% 1 0.041
Only daytime work 21 51.2% 0 43 24.4% 1 0.001 4 30.8% 0 15 16.5% 0 0.250 17 60.7% 0 28 32.9% 1 0.014
Interesting & challenging specialty 36 87.8% 0 164 93.2% 1 0.328 12 92.3% 0 85 93.4% 0 1.000 24 85.7% 0 79 92.9% 1 0.261