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Table 1 Socio-Demographic Background Variables of Patients (Ps) and Accompanying Persons (APs)

From: Factors related to negative feelings experienced by emergency department patients and accompanying persons: an Israeli study

Variable Ps   APs   Total   Statistics
N % N % N %  
Gender Male 173 53.7 114 30.8 287 41.5 χ2(1) = 37.25*** (Φ = 0.23)
Female 149 46.3 256 69.2 405 58.5
Marital Status Single 91 28.3 48 13 139 20.1 χ2(3) = 46.60*** (rc = 0.26)
Married 181 56.4 289 78.1 470 68.1
Divorced 26 8.1 27 7.3 53 7.7
Widow/er 23 7.2 5 1.4 28 4.1
Age 20 & less 50 15.6 22 6 72 10.5 χ2(3) = 27.21*** (rc = 0.20)
21–50 183 57.2 274 74.5 457 66.4
51 & above 87 27.2 72 19.6 159 23.1
Education Elementary 58 18 31 8.4 89 13.1 χ2(3) = 24.34*** (rc = 0.19)
Secondary 166 51.6 178 48.1 344 50.7
Postsecondary 39 12.1 54 14.6 93 13.7
Academic 51 15.8 102 27.6 153 22.5
Country of Origin Israel 226 70.2 248 67 474 68.5 χ2(2) = 3.25
Eur./America 48 14.9 74 20 122 17.6
Asia/Africa 48 14.9 48 13 96 13.9
Nationality Jewish 269 84.6 294 81.2 563 82.8 χ2(1) = 1.35
Non Jewish 49 15.4 68 18.8 117 17.2
Religiosity Secular 161 50 188 51.4 349 50.7 χ2(2) = 5.26
Traditional 123 38.2 116 31.7 239 34.7
Religious 38 11.8 62 16.9 100 14.5
Income - compared to average Much lower 54 31.8 63 29 117 30.2 χ2(4) = 3.56
Lower 22 12.9 41 18.9 63 16.3
Same as av. 24 14.1 36 16.6 60 15.5
Higher 35 20.6 37 17.1 72 18.6
Much higher 35 20.6 40 18.4 75 19.4
  1. ***p < 0.001