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Table 1 Health disparities in the Healthy People programs for population health surveillance

From: Health disparities monitoring in the U.S.: lessons for monitoring efforts in Israel and other countries

Publication year 1979 1990 2000 2010
Target year 1990 2000 2010 2020
Overarching Goals* 1) improve infant health and reduce infant mortality 2) improve child health and development and reduce child mortality 3) improve adolescent/young adult health and development and reduce mortality 4) improve adult health and reduce mortality 5) improve older adults’ health and reduce mortality 1) increase the span of healthy life 2) reduce disparities 3) achieve access to preventive services 1) increase quality and years of healthy life 2) eliminate health disparities 1) attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death 2) achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups 3) create social and physical environments that promote good health for all 4) promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages
Inequality parameters [Not defined. Where data allowed: White Black American Indian Hispanic Non-White] American Indian/Alaska Native Asian/Pacific Islander Black Hispanic Women Adolescents/young adults Older adults People with disabilities People with low SES Race and Ethnicity American Indian/Alaska Native Asian/Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino Black (non-Hispanic) White (non-Hispanic) 2 or more races Sex Educational level Income Geographic location Disability status Sexual orientation (data unavailable for all 2010 outcomes) Race and Ethnicity American Indian/Alaska Native Asian/Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino Black (non-Hispanic) White (non-Hispanic) 2 or more races Gender Educational level Income Geographic location (rural/urban) Disability status Sexual identity/orientation
Number of Priority Topic Areas 15 22 28 42
Number of Specific Outcomes 226 319 969 1200 (approximately)
  1. *The goals that refer directly to health disparities are emphasized in bold, italic font