Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Comparison of non-pharmacologic pain and anxiety management

From: The influence of an accredited pediatric emergency medicine program on the management of pediatric pain and anxiety

  Total n = 21 aPEM n = 10 nPEM n = 11 p value*
Child life specialist 10% 10% 9% 0.9392
Medical clown 95% 100% 91% 0.3429
Video games 24% 20% 27% 0.7130
Tablet 19% 20% 18% 0.9093
Wall decorations 95% 100% 91% 0.3429
Music in procedure room 67% 60% 73% 0.5375
Soap bubbles 52% 70% 36% 0.1284
Ability to choose position during procedure 67% 50% 82% 0.1292
Ability to sit on parent during procedure 76% 70% 82% 0.5286
Pappouse board 10% 10% 9% 0.9392
Blood drawing chair 5% 9% 0.3429
Vibration tool NS
Hot or cold packs 10% 10% 9% 0.9392
  1. NS No significance
  2. *Chi-squared test comparing aPEM with nPEM