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Table 2 Comparison of pharmacologic pain and anxiety management

From: The influence of an accredited pediatric emergency medicine program on the management of pediatric pain and anxiety

  Total n = 21 aPEM n = 10 nPEM n = 11 p value*
Ethyl Chloryl analgesic spray 62% 70% 55% 0.4897
EMLA 100% 100% 100% NS
LET 91% 90% 91% 0.9392
Lidocaine jelly 100% 100% 100% NS
Oral sucrose solution 90% 90% 91% 0.9392
Nurse ordered analgesia
 Standing order for oral paracetamol 95% 100% 91% 0.3429
 Standing order for oral ibuprofen 90% 100% 82% 0.1689
  1. NS No significance
  2. *Chi-squared test comparing aPEM with nPEM