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Table 3 Characteristics of heterosexual men visiting the clinic with at least one STI diagnosisa vs. those without an STI diagnosis

From: Heterosexual men who purchase sex and attended an STI clinic in Israel: characteristics and sexual behavior

   Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
   Men diagnosed with at least one STI
293 (%)
Men without an STI diagnosis
5863 (%)
ORc (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Age 18–29 152 (52.0) 2955 (50.5) 1 (ref) 0.3 1 (ref)  
≥30 141 (48.0) 2883 (49.5) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.2
Relationship statusb Single (single, divorced & widowed) 214 (82.0) 4146 (83.0) 1 (ref) 0.7   
Married 47 (18.0) 866 (17.0) 1.0 (0.6–1.4)   
Country of birth Israel 164 (56.5) 4047 (70.0) 1 (ref)   1 (ref)  
Western Countries 9 (3.0) 215 (4.0) 0.8 (0.4–1.7) 0.7 1.0 (0.3–3.8) 0.8
North Africa and Middle East 4 (1.5) 72 (1.0) 1.0 (0.3–3.0) 0.8 2.8 (0.5–14.1) 0.2
The FSU 69 (24.0) 907 (16.0) 1.7 (1.2–2.2) < 0.001 1.2 (0.5–2.4) 0.6
Asia 8 (3.0) 84 (1.5) 1.6 (0.7–3.5) 0.1 2.1 (0.4–10.1) 0.3
Africa 33 (11.0) 397 (7.0) 1.8 (1.2–2.7) < 0.001 2.6 (1.2–5.5) < 0.001
South America 4 (1.5) 57 (1.0) 1.7 (0.6–4.8) 0.3 1.5 (0.1–13.6) 0.6
Reason for attending clinic Symptomatic or sex with a symptomatic partner 129 (44.0) 1049 (18.0) 3.6 (2.8–4.5) < 0.001 4.8 (3.0–7.8) < 0.001
Self-referral screening 164 (56.0) 4814 (82.0) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Age sexual debut < 18 years 159 (57.0) 2900 (51.5) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 0.02 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.3
≥ 11 sexual partners during lifetime b 196 (69.0) 3260 (57.5) 1.7 (1.3–2.3) < 0.001 3.6 (1.9–6.7) < 0.001
≥6 sexual partners within the last 3 months 38 (13.5) 656 (12.0) 1.4 (0.9–2.0) 0.05   
Irregular or no use of condom during vaginal sex 239 (87.5) 4442 (80.5) 1.5 (1.1–2.3) 0.01 2.1 (0.9–5.1) 0.08
Irregular or no use of condom during anal sex 63 (75.0) 1344 (78.5) 0.8 (0.4–1.3) 0.4   
Purchased sex 85 (29.0) 1564 (26.5) 1.0 (0.7–1.3) 0.7 0.6 (0.3–1.0) 0.08
Performed sex with a non-Israeli partner within the last 3 months 34 (38.0) 407 (22.5) 2.0 (1.3–3.2) < 0.001 1.7 (1.0–2.8) 0.02
Performs sex under the influence of drugs 115 (39.5) 1969 (34.0) 1.4 (1.1–1.8) < 0.001 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 0.5
Uses shared syringes 12 (5.5) 336 (7.5) 1.0 (0.5–2.0) 0.7   
Circumcised 98 (78.0) 1460 (82.0) 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.1   
Reported Previous STI diagnosisb 48 (16.5) 619 (10.5) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 0.1   
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, STI Sexually Transmitted Infection, FSU Former Soviet Union
  2. aHIV, HBsAg, infectious syphilis, pharyngeal or urethral N. Gonorrhea, urethral C. Trachomatis
  3. bOR adjusted to age in the univariate analysis
  4. cadjusted to reason for attending clinic