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Table 2 Selection Criteria - Men vs Women

From: Medical specialty selection criteria of Israeli medical students early in their clinical experience: subgroups

  ALL WOMEN MEN WOMEN vs MEN
N 540 258 282  
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SPECIALTY a
 TIME WITH FAMILY (1)b 69% 75% 63% p < 0.002
 CONTROLLABLE LIFESTYLE (1) 67% 72% 63% p < 0.006
 SPECIALTY THAT DEALS WITH SOCIAL ISSUES (3) 30% 37% 23% p < 0.0001
 DAYTIME WORK ONLY (1) 25% 28% 16% p < 0.001
 ADVANCING RAPIDLY (2) 60% 55% 64% p < 0.01
 PROCEDURES/SURGERY 48% 41% 55% p < 0.0003
 HIGH SALARY 47% 41% 53% p < 0.005
 PRIVATE PRACTICE 39% 34% 45% p < 0.007
 OPPORTUNITY FOR RESEARCH (2) 40% 36% 44% p < 0.01
 ACADEMIC FACULTY MEMBER 27% 23% 31% p < 0.01
 BEDSIDE SPECIALTY 93% 93% 93% NS
 WIDE RANGE OF MEDICAL PROBLEMS 72% 68% 75% NS
 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE 55% 54% 57% NS
 SPECIALTY WITH TEAMWORK 51% 49% 52% NS
 INFLUENCE OF SPOUSE 38% 37% 40% NS
 INFLUENCE OF FAMILY 10% 12% 9% NS
 WORK ONLY IN THE COMMUNITY 4% 5% 3% NS
 NARROW RANGE OF MEDICAL PROBLEMS ©c 3% 2% 4% NS
 SPECIALTY THAT MY COLEAGUES CHOOSE © 1% 0% 1% NS
 INFLUENCE OF CLASSMATES © 1% 0% 3% NS
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A RESIDENCY a
 FAMILY LIVING LOCATION 71% 78% 65% p < 0.002
 CONTROLLABLE LIFESTYLE 65% 70% 60% p < 0.0001
 SPECIFIC LOCATION 64% 71% 58% p < 0.005
 MUCH SUPERVISION BY SENIOR PHYSICIANS 43% 50% 36% p < 0.007
 PRE-DETERMINED WORK HOURS (2) 42% 47% 37% p < 0.01
 INFLUENCE OF FAMILY 35% 43% 28% p < 0.001
 LIMITED WORK HOURS 24% 29% 18% p < 0.02
 MAKE CLINICAL DECISIONS ON YOUR OWN 55% 47% 62% p < 0.01
 MUCH “ACTION” 42% 39% 46% p < 0.05
 TEACHING STUDENTS 43% 37% 48% p < 0.01
 MANY ON-CALL SHIFTS 11% 9% 13% p < 0.0001
 INTELLECTUAL CHALLENGE (1) © 83% 84% 82% NS
 LEADING DEPARTMENT (1) © 76% 77% 75% NS
 LARGE HOSPTIAL 57% 53% 60% NS
 PHYSICAL CHALLENGE 44% 41% 45% NS
 OPPORTUNITY FOR RESEARCH 26% 22% 29% NS
 PRIMARY CARE 19% 17% 21% NS
 SHORT RESIDENCY 15% 17% 14% NS
 MUCH CLINIC TIME (2) 12% 12% 11% NS
 HOSPITAL IN THE PERIPHERY (3) 9% 8% 9% NS
 Residency in a non-leading department with pleasant working conditions 43% 50% 36%  
 Residency in a leading department with unpleasant working conditions 57% 50% 64% p < 0.05
 Residency in a hospital in the periphery in a specialty that interests me 89% 91% 88%  
 Residency in a university hospital in a specialty that interests me less 11% 9% 12% NS
 Residency in a specialty that interests me but 2-3 year wait 64% 63% 66%  
 Residency in a specialty that interests me less but residency within a year 35% 37% 34% NS
  1. aPercent of “agree” and “agree much” responses on 5-point Likert Scale
  2. bNumbers in parenthesis are the results of factor analysis
  3. c©-cluster per cluster analysis
  4. Boldface entries are the higher value of a significant pair