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Table 6 Primary care - selection criteria

From: Challenges to the Israeli healthcare system: attracting medical students to primary care and to the periphery

  Primary care Undecided No primary care Primary care vs no primary Primary care Females vs males
Females Males
N 98 184 229   41   
Criteria for choosing a specialty
 Time with family (1) 75.51% 72.68% 65.07% p < 0.03 85.37% 68.42% p < 0.05
 Specialty with team work 57.14% 53.80% 44.98% p < 0.04 56.10% 57.89% NS
 Influence of spouse 42.55% 42.62% 31.14% p < 0.007 48.65% 38.60% p < 0.05
 Specialty that deals with social issues (3) 41.84% 34.62% 21.93% p < 0.001 51.22% 35.09% p < 0.009
 Daytime work only (1) 25.51% 28.73% 16.23% p < 0.03 34.15% 19.30% p < 0.03
 Work only in the community 9.18% 2.73% 3.51% p < 0.001 12.20% 7.02% NS
 Procedures/surgery 42.86% 40.98% 56.58% p < 0.01 34.15% 49.12% p < 0.02
 High salary 36.08% 48.09% 51.09% p < 0.002 34.15% 37.50% NS
 Opportunity for research (2) 33.67% 37.16% 43.67% p < 0.05 26.83% 38.60% NS
 Academic faculty member 19.39% 25.68% 30.26% p < 0.05 24.39% 15.79% NS
 Bedside specialty 93.88% 92.93% 92.07% NS 92.68% 94.74% NS
 Wide range of medical problems 79.38% 71.04% 68.12% NS 75.61% 82.14% NS
 Controllable lifestyle (1) 69.39% 73.91% 64.19% NS 78.05% 63.16% NS
 Advancing rapidly (2) 56.12% 61.41% 58.77% NS 51.22% 59.65% NS
 Independent practice 51.02% 60.11% 52.40% NS 56.10% 47.37% NS
 Private practice 39.80% 36.96% 42.48% NS 41.46% 38.60% NS
 Influence of family 12.37% 9.78% 8.81% NS 15.00% 10.53% NS
 Specialty that my coleagues choosea 2.06% 1.64% 0.00% NS 0.00% 3.57% NS
 Influence of classmatesa 2.06% 1.63% 0.44% NS 0.00% 3.57% NS
 Narrow range of medical problemsa 2.04% 3.26% 3.49% NS 0.00% 3.51% NS
Criteria for choosing a residency
 Much supervision by senior physicians 53.06% 45.11% 36.68% p < 0.001 68.29% 42.11% p < 0.04
 Limited work hours 29.17% 29.89% 16.67% p < 0.001 32.50% 26.79% NS
 Short residency (< 4.5. Years) 27.55% 15.30% 11.79% p < 0.001 29.27% 26.32% NS
 Much clinic time (2) 22.45% 16.30% 4.82% p < 0.001 19.51% 24.56% NS
 Hospital in the periphery (3) 19.39% 6.52% 6.11% p < 0.001 19.51% 19.30% NS
 Leading department (1)a 67.35% 77.17% 79.04% p < 0.03 70.73% 64.91% NS
 Large hospitial 52.04% 54.64% 61.84% p < 0.04 58.54% 47.37% NS
 Intellectual challenge (1)a 83.67% 82.07% 83.41% NS 87.80% 80.70% NS
 Family living location 77.55% 74.86% 63.76% NS 87.80% 70.18% p < 0.05
 Controllable lifestyle 69.39% 70.49% 60.70% NS 73.17% 66.67% NS
 Making clinical decisions on your own 66.33% 49.46% 55.02% NS 56.10% 73.68% p < 0.05
 Specific location in Israel 65.31% 64.48% 63.88% NS 68.29% 63.16% NS
 Much “action” 52.04% 33.15% 46.49% NS 51.22% 52.63% NS
 Pre-determined work hours (2) 46.94% 48.37% 35.37% NS 58.54% 38.60% p < 0.05
 Physical challenge 47.96% 36.96% 46.93% NS 41.46% 52.63% NS
 Teaching students 43.88% 43.48% 43.42% NS 39.02% 47.37% NS
 Influence of family 41.84% 37.16% 31.00% NS 53.66% 33.33% p < 0.01
 Opportunity for research 20.41% 25.00% 27.95% NS 19.51% 21.05% NS
 Many on-call shifts 10.20% 11.41% 11.79% NS 4.88% 14.04% p < 0.03
  1. Percent of “agree” and “agree much” responses on 5-point Likert Scale
  2. Numbers in parenthesis are the results of factor analysis
  3. aClusters per cluster analysis
  4. Bold results representthe higher value of a statistically significant pair