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Table 2 Frequency of work-related abuse and workers’ rights violation among migrant and local care workers

From: Violations of workers’ rights and exposure to work-related abuse of live-in migrant and live-out local home care workers – a preliminary study: implications for health policy and practice

  ALL N = 523 Migrant care workers N = 338 Local Care workers N = 185 χ2
Violations of workers’ rights
 Did not receive vacation days 57.5% 58.4% 48% χ2 = 4.93, sig < .05
 Did not receive paid sick days 76.1% 78.9% 66.3% χ2 = 9.54, sig < .01
 Did not receive a written contract 16.2% 15.8% 19.8% χ2 = 1.18, n.s
 Did not receive the financial compensation they are entitled to 3.1% 39% 2.3% χ2 = 0.95, n.s
 Required to do more than job requirements 3.3% 27% 5.1% χ2 = 1.9, n.s
 Didn’t receive a weekly day off   35% Irrelevanta  
 At least one violation   89.7% 89.3%  
 At least three violations   64.6% 39.5%  
Work-related abuse
 Emotional abuse 9.5% 12.7% 5.4% χ2 = 7.01, sig < .01
 Physical abuse < 1% 1.2% 0.5% χ2 = 0.52, n.s
 Sexual abuse < 1% 1.2% 0.5% χ2 = 0.92, n.s
 At least one abuse   7.4% 2.7%  
Living conditions
 Do not have a separate room   12.3% irrelevanta  
 Do not have a separate bed   3.7% irrelevanta  
 Do not have a separate closet   5.5% irrelevanta  
 No access to passport   2.1% irrelevanta  
  1. aLocal care workers employed only part-time, only during weekdays, and not living with the care recipient