Skip to main content


Table 1 Shows the prevention strategies that have been developed to protect against sexually transmitted infections and their effectiveness

From: Proven prevention tools for addressing STI epidemics

Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention strategies* Effectiveness
Non-viral infections (Chlamydia trachomatis/Neisseria gonorrhoea/Trichomonas vaginalis/Mycoplasma genitalium/Ureaplasma urealyticum/Treponema pallidum) •Condoms •90% effective with perfect use [10]
•Testing for STIs and treating when necessary •100% effective unless there is poor adherence to treatment, reinfection or drug resistance
•Partner notification •Reducing onward transmission, reinfection and the cost to make an STI diagnosis [11]
Human papilloma virus (HPV) •Condoms •Up to 50% [12]
•Circumcision •50% [13]
•HPV vaccination •90% [14]
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) •Condoms •Not known
•Hepatitis A vaccination •93% [15]
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) •Condoms •Not known
•Hepatitis B vaccination • > 90% [16]
Herpes virus (HSV 1 & 2) •Condoms •24% [17]
•Prophylactic treatment •48% [17]
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) •Condoms •10% [18]
•Circumcision •57% [13]
•Treatment as prevention •93% [19]
•Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) • > 90% [20]
  1. *Abstinence has not been included since it is a rare component of the CSW client relationship