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Table 1 Characteristics of patients by ethnicity

From: Ethnic disparity in Israel impacts long-term results after heart transplantation

  Ethnic origin of recipient P-value
Jews (N = 226) Arabs (N = 28)
Gender - recipient [male, %] 84 64 0.01
Gender - donor [male, %] 70 73 0.90
Age - recipient (years) 50 ± 12 42 ± 14 0.001
Age - donor (years) 33 ± 12 35 ± 12 0.46
Weight - recipient (kg) 73 ± 14 74 ± 16 0.61
Weight - donor (kg) 75 ± 18 77 ± 21 0.52
Height - recipient (cm) 171 ± 11 172 ± 9 0.78
Height - donor (cm) 174 ± 13 176 ± 7 0.50
BMI - recipient 25 ± 4 25 ± 5 0.51
BMI - donor 25 ± 5 26 ± 6 0.50
Etiology of HTx (IHD, %) 61 43 0.07
Hypertension (%) 37 36 0.90
Diabetes (%) 19 28 0.22
Dyslipidemia (%) 48 36 0.21
Past Smoker (%) 43 43 0.98
Listing status (%)
Status 1 69 80 0.27
Status 2 31 20  
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.6 ± 3.7 1.2 ± 0.5 0.55
Bilirubin (mg/dL) 1.3 ± 2.4 1.2 ± 0.7 0.83
Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (mmHg) 51 ± 19 48 ± 18 0.45
Diastolic pulmonary artery pressure (mmHg) 25 ± 11 26 ± 10 0.63
Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mmHg) 35 ± 14 36 ± 13 0.88
Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure(mmHg) 25 ± 11 25 ± 9 0.90
Cardiac output (L/min) 3.6 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.5 0.43
Pulmonary vascular resistance (Wood) 3.2 ± 2.2 2.8 ± 2.3 0.58
ICD (%) 42 41 0.89
Family history of IHD (%) 52 41 0.26
LVAD bridge to HTx (%) 16 18 0.78
PRA > 30% 0.5 0.0 0.97
CMV mismatch 64 56 0.48
Blood type
A (%) 45 40 0.90
AB (%) 12 12  
B (%) 17 16  
O (%) 25 32  
  1. Continuous variables and categorical variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation and percentage, respectively
  2. BMI body mass index, HTx heart transplantation, CMV cytomegalovirus, ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator, IHD ischemic heart disease, LVAD left ventricular assist device, PRA panel of reactive antibodies