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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who underwent restraint or/and seclusion in an upholstered room (N = 176)

From: Clinical and demographic characteristics of secluded and mechanically restrained mentally ill patients: a retrospective study

  Number %
Origin
 Ashkenazic origin 69 39.2
 Sephardic origin 62 35.2
 Ethiopian 13 7.4
 Muslim 19 10.8
 Other 13 7.4
Marital status
 single 140 79.6
 married 15 8.5
 divorced 21 11.9
 widowed 0 0.0
Age (years)
 18–20 8 4.5
 21–30 77 43.8
 31–40 37 21.0
 41–50 37 21.0
 51–60 12 6.8
 61+ 5 2.9
Education (years)
 0–5 1 0.6
 6–8 17 9.6
 9–12 92 52.3
 13 + 20 11.3
 No data 46 26.2
Diagnosesa
 Schizophrenia 97 52.8
 Mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use 33 17.9
 Mood disorders 19 10.3
 Examination for medico-legal reasons 21 11.4
 Organic mental disorders 6 3.3
 Personality disorders 5 2.7
 Mental retardation 3 1.6
Cause for hospitalization:
 Forced hospitalization by regional psychiatrist 88 50.0
 Forced psychiatric observation 50 28.5
 Forced hospitalization by court 21 11.9
 Voluntary agreement 17 9.6
Aggressive behavior in the past
 No 3 1.7
 Yes 173 98.3
  1. aName of diagnoses according to ICD-10