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Table 1 Smoking status (Current, Former, Never) of study participants, by levels of demographic variables

From: Knowledge and risk perceptions of Israelis towards combustible cigarettes: the need for immediate remedial action

  Current Smoker % (N = 112) Former Smoker % (N = 135) Never Smoker % (N = 255) Overall % (N = 502) P-value
Overall (N = 502)   22.3 26.9 50.8   
Population Sector (N = 501) Jewish (N = 417) 21.8 28.5 49.6 83.2 0.202
Arab (N = 84) 25.0 19.0 56.0 16.8  
Gender (N = 502) Male (N = 248) 29.4 34.3 36.3 49.4 < 0.001
Female (N = 254) 15.4 19.7 65.0 50.6
Age group (N = 496) 18–29 (N = 88) 17.1 22.7 60.2 17.7 < 0.001
30–49 (N = 185) 31.4 16.2 52.4 37.3  
50–65 (N = 148) 19.6 37.2 43.2 29.8  
> 65 (N = 75) 12.0 38.7 49.3 15.1  
Educational level (N = 498) < 12 (N = 48) 29.2 39.6 31.3 9.6 0.002
12 N = 189) 28.0 21.7 50.3 38.0  
> 12 (N = 261) 16.5 28.7 54.8 52.4  
Family financial status (N = 487) Very low (N = 19) 21.1 26.3 52.6 3.9 0.888
Low (N = 59) 23.7 32.2 44.1 12.1  
Moderate (N = 303) 23.1 26.4 50.5 62.2  
High (N = 86) 18.6 27.9 53.5 17.7  
Very high (N = 20) 30.0 15.0 55.0 4.1