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Table 4 Multivariable statistical model results

From: Knowledge and risk perceptions of Israelis towards combustible cigarettes: the need for immediate remedial action

Variable Knowledge of 3 questions (Y/N) (N in model = 471) p-value Knowledge of comparative harm relative to traffic accidents (N in model = 473) p-value Risk perceptions of harm due to involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke (N in model = 441) p-value
Odds Ratio (Confidence Interval) Odds Ratio (Confidence Interval) Least Square Means
Population Sector   0.188   0.668 Jewish: 23.7 < 0.001
 Arab vs. Jewish 0.70 (0.41, 1.19)   0.89 (0.51, 1.54)   Arab: 26.1  
Gender   0.525   0.002 Male: 25.0 0.476
 Female vs. Male 1.14 (0.76, 1.71)   0.50 (0.33, 0.77)   Female: 24.7  
Age group   0.015   0.539 65+:25.6 0.001
 18–29 vs. 65+ 3.01 (1.47, 6.19)   1.25 (0.60, 2.61)   18–29: 23.4  
 30–49 vs. 65+ 2.50 (1.29, 4.85)   1.00 (0.50, 1.99)   30–49: 24.8  
 50–65 vs. 65+ 1.78 (0.93, 3.43)   1.41 (0.73, 2.75)   50–65: 25.8  
Educational level 1.43 (1.05, 1.96) 0.025 1.11 (0.80, 1.53) 0.538 NR 0.309
Family financial status 0.83 (0.64, 1.07) 0.149 0.88 (0.67, 1.15) 0.347 NR 0.756
Smoking Status   < 0.001   0.017 Never: 25.8 < 0.001
 Current vs. Never 0.28 (0.16, 0.49)   0.44 (0.25,0.78)   Current: 23.3  
 Former vs. Never 0.93 (0.58, 1.48)   0.70 (0.43, 1.15)   Former: 25.5  
  1. NR Not Relevant.