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Table 5 Knowledge about tobacco-attributable heart and lung disease risk in different countries

From: Knowledge and risk perceptions of Israelis towards combustible cigarettes: the need for immediate remedial action

Study Country Respondents who believe that smoking causes
Lung cancer (%) Heart Diseasea or Heart Attackb (%)
Siahpush, 2006 USA 94.4 85.8a
Canada 94.8 90.9a
UK 93.7 89.6a
Australia 94.3 88.6a
Yang, 2010 China 73 40.2a
Fakir, 2011 Morocco 63 22a
Agaku, 2014 29 African countries* Median:5.1 Median:12.8a
Tunisia Lower limit: 0 Lower limit: 0a
Somaliland, Somalia Upper limit: 80.4  
Malawi   Upper limit: 36.6a
Minh An, 2013 Vietnam 95.8 60.9b
Gupta, 2014 Thailand 97.4 75.2b
Uruguay 96.9 92.3b
Turkey 96.8 94.4b
Mexico 96.6 80.5b
Egypt 96 94.8b
Brazil 96 87.1b
Vietnam 95.2 63b
Bangladesh 94.2 90.2b
Poland 91.8 79.5b
Philippines 91.5 77.6b
Ukraine 89.7 75.5b
Russian Federation 88.5 65.7b
India 87.2 65.1b
China 79 40.6b
  1. *Reported median and range.