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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample

From: More staff = better quality of life for people with dementia? results of a secondary data analysis in German shared-housing arrangements

  Residents (n = 396)
Age in years; mean (SD; Min-Max) 78.4 (11.1; 45–102)
Women in % (n) 69.4 (275)
Time being in the SHA in years; mean (SD) 2.7 (2.3)
Medical diagnosis of dementia in % (n) 71.0 (281)
Cognitive decline (GDS; 0–7) in % (n)
 ≤ 5 (moderately severe cognitive decline) 15.9 (63)
6 (severe cognitive decline) 42.2 (167)
7 (very severe cognitive decline) 38.4 (152)
Challenging behavior (CMAI) in % (n)
 Physically nonaggressive behavior 34.3 (136)
 Verbally agitated behavior 37.9 (150)
 Aggressive behavior 15.9 (63)
 At least one challenging behavior 57.8 (229)
Level of care dependency in % (n; 0-III) a
 0 7.3 (27)
 Level I 21.7 (80)
 Level II 49.3 (182)
 Level III 21.7 (80)
Quality of Life (QUALIDEM; 0–100); mean (SD; Min-Max)
 Total QoL 69.5 (14.1; 24,5-97,2)
 Care relationship 72.1 (21.0; 4,8–100)
 Positive affect 73.1 (23.6; 0–100)
 Negative affect 71.6 (23.7; 0–100)
 Restless tense behavior 63.2 (30.1; 0–100)
 Positive self-imageb 75.5 (23.1; 0–100)
 Social relationship 68.8 (21.9; 0–100)
 Social isolation 69.4 (22.4; 0–100)
 Feeling at homeb 80.7 (18.2; 16,7–100)
 Having something to dob 56.2 (26.5; 0–100)
  1. aCare level determined by the German long-term care insurance, bnot applied for Global Deterioration Scale 7; underlined values are most beneficial; SD standard deviation, Min minimum, max maximum, GDS Global Deterioration Scale, CMAI Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory