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Table 2 Violence-related hospitalizations 2008–2017: Injured body region, hospital resource utilization and in-hospital mortality by ethnic group

From: Minorities and foreign born are disproportionately affected by injuries due to violence: an analysis based on a National Trauma Registry 2008–2017

Variable Total
(N = 16,151)
AI
(46.1%)
IBE
(3.2%)
IBFSU
(12.7%)
AOI
(38.0%)
p-valuea
Injury severity score (ISS16+) 13.4 13.4 19.4 15.6 12.1 < 0.0001
Penetrating injury 48.8 57.1 46.0 38.5 42.3 < 0.0001
Injured body regionb
 Head 30.5 29.2 38.7 37.6 29.0 < 0.0001
 Face 28.0 22.7 36.2 40.3 29.5 < 0.0001
 Neck 4.1 3.4 6.5 4.5 4.7 < 0.0001
 Thorax 22.1 22.6 20.5 22.3 21.6 NS
 Abdomen 24.1 24.5 24.7 21.6 24.3 0.0496
 Spine 2.0 2.0 0.8 2.1 2.0 NS
 Upper extremity 20.4 22.5 15.1 17.1 19.5 < 0.0001
 Lower extremity 21.1 26.3 10.1 13.8 18.1 < 0.0001
 External 1.8 1.4 0.8 1.7 2.5 < 0.0001
 Multiple Injuries 38.1 38.3 39.3 42.9 36.1 < 0.0001
Traumatic brain injury 8.9 7.8 16.5 13.9 7.9 < 0.0001
Treated in trauma resuscitation unit 37.0 41.0 40.8 33.5 33.0 < 0.0001
Admission to ICU 10.2 10.7 17.4 9.2 9.3 < 0.0001
Underwent surgery 33.1 33.3 32.6 33.1 32.8 NS
Hospital LOS (7 days or more) 16.3 16.7 19.9 16.3 15.6 < 0.05
Hospital LOS (14 days or more) 5.3 5.6 6.5 4.4 5.2 NS
Died in hospital 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.1 1.5 NS
  1. Abbreviations: AI Arab Israelis, IBE Israelis Born in Ethiopia, IBFSU Israelis Born in former Soviet Union, AOI All other Israelis, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay
  2. aP-values were determined by X2 test (NS = non-significant, i.e. P > 0.05)
  3. bNote that a patient could sustain injury to more than one body region