Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Examined health outcomes and estimated costs

From: The economic burden of health disparities related to socioeconomic status in Israel

Health outcome Definition of the low-SES group The estimated cost Prices used for monetization Data sources
  1. Mortality Localities with a submedian socioeconomic index 1a. Product loss due to premature death of workers and deaths before the working age Workers’ wages CBS socio-health profile of localities for 2005–2009; CBS profile of municipal authorities for 2009 and for 2010
   1b. Welfare loss due to excess mortality The value of statistical life: The value used by the Ministry of Transport, or 3 times GDP  
  2. Morbidity Individuals with a submedian net household income per standard person 2a. Product loss due to illness-related absence from work Labor wages of submedian workers (absentees or non-absentees) CBS social surveys (2010, 2012)
  Individuals with secondary schooling or less 2b. Product loss due to higher rates of non- employment due to illness Labor wages of workers with secondary schooling or less  
  3. Medical care Localities with a submedian socioeconomic index 3a. Excess inpatient care (measured by excess hospital discharges) MoH price per inpatient day X average length of hospitalization MoH data on hospital discharges rates; MoH price schedule (2014)
  Individuals with a submedian net household income per standard person 3b. Savings on community care (due to underuse of services) MoH service prices CBS’s matched Health Survey (2009) and Income Survey (2010); MoH price schedule (2014)
  4. Disability Localities with a submedian socioeconomic index 4a. Excess government’s expenditure on disability benefits Rates of disability benefits NII data on disability benefit payments
  Individuals with submedian labor income 4b. Excess cost of the government’s income tax exemption for to the disabled and the blind Workers’ tax exemption The Israel Tax Authority’s sample of employees
  5. Old-age survival Localities with a submedian socioeconomic index Government’s savings on old-age benefits (due to premature mortality) Rates of old-age benefits NII data on old-age and survivors’ benefits
  6. Other Cost of MoH programs to narrow SES-related health inequalities   MoH data
  1. Abbreviations: GDP Gross Domestic Product, CBS The Central Bureau of Statistics, MoH The Ministry of Health, NII The National Insurance Institute