Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean and Standard Deviations of HBM variables and attitudes by frequency of checkups and by intentions to undergo checkups next year

From: Factors affecting oral examinations and dental treatments among older adults in Israel

  Dental checkup frequency Intention to undergo dental checkups next year
Once a year N = 285 Less than 2 years N = 253 F (p value) Intend N = 453 Do not Intend N = 114 F (p value)
Mean(SD)   Mean(SD)  
Perceived importancea 4.76 (0.39) 4.61 (0.52) 14.35*** (.000) 4.75 (0.38) 4.46 (0.63) 37.09*** (.000)
Perceived seriousnessa 4.83 (0.44) 4.71 (0.66) 6.79*** (.009) 4.81 (0.52) 4.63 (0.71) 9.14*** (.003)
Perceived benefita 4.76 (0.40) 4.58 (0.59) 17.57*** (.000) 4.74 (0.40) 4.44 (0.71) 34.57*** (.000)
Barriersa
 Dental treatments are time consuming 3.73 (1.34) 3.91 (1.25) 2.46 (.118) 3.79 (1.30) 3.90 (1.33) 0.56 (.453)
 Dental treatments are expensive 4.74 (0.68) 4.76 (0.64) 0.09 (.762) 4.76 (0.65) 4.74 (0.66) 0.15 (.697)
 Dental treatments are too risky 2.91 (1.43) 3.08 (1.49) 1.62 (.204) 2.98 (1.45) 2.98 (1.52) 0.00 (.978)
Susceptibilitya 2.86 (1.34) 2.91 (1.5) 0.14 (.707) 3.01 (1.39) 2.70 (1.51) 3.95** (.047)
Dentist availabilitya 4.56 (0.92) 4.18 (1.25) 17.03*** (.000) 4.45 (1.02) 4.16 (1.32) 6.21** (.013)
Trust in dentista 4.51 (0.77) 4.24 (0.93) 12.95*** (.000) 4.43 (0.80) 4.23 (1.06) 4.26** (.039)
Fear of dental treatmentsb 1.93 (1.18) 2.13 (1.35) 3.47* (.063) 2.05 (1.25) 1.93 (1.30) 0.78 (.377)
Health motivationa 4.27 (0.92) 3.69 (1.23) 39.19*** (.000) 4.12 (1.04) 3.64 (1.24) 18.26*** (.000)
Avoiding dental treatments due to high costsb 1.96 (1.48) 2.74 (1.71) 31.90*** (.000) 2.26 (1.62) 2.55 (1.71) 2.89* (.090)
You only need to go to the dentist when you’re in pain.a 2.01 (1.52) 2.61 (1.62) 19.69*** (.000) 2.11 (1.51) 2.94 (1.68) 25.73*** (.000)
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. a 5-level scale ranging from (1) “not agree at all” to (5) “very much agree”
  3. b 5-level scale ranging from (1) “very little or not at all” to (5) “very much”