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Table 1 Types of bullying

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Workplace bullying and its preventive measures and productivity among emergency department nurses

Type of bullying Description
Type I, criminal intent occurs where the perpetrator has no legitimate relationship to the business or its employees
Type II occurs where the perpetrator, a customer, client, or patient, becomes violent while receiving a service through the workplace
Type III involves employee-to-employee incidents where the perpetrator is a current or previous employee
Type IV occurs when the perpetrator has a personal relationship with the employee but does not have an association with the workplace