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Table 4 The mean scores for each sub-scale of HPS

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Workplace bullying and its preventive measures and productivity among emergency department nurses

  N Minimum Maximum Mean SD
Cognitive demands 120 −10.00 10.00 −1.19 5.66
Workload demands 120 − 12.00 12.00 −1.83 6.57
Support and Communication 120 −12.00 12.00 −1.92 6.65
Safety and competency 120 −20.00 20.00 −1.38 11.12
Total Productivity 120 −58.00 58.00 −6.86 30.04