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Table 3 Utilization of visits to gastroenterology a consultant according to patients and physicians’ characteristics

From: Correlates of gastroenterology health-services utilization among patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a large database analysis

Variable High number of visits (≥6)
N (%)
Low number of visits (0–5)
N (%)
P value
Total 23,703 51,510  
Sex, female 14,621 (61.7) 28,312 (55.0) < 0.001
Age, years   Df = 5 < 0.001
 19–34 2466 (10.4) 8328 (16.2)  
 35–44 3010 (12.7) 9781 (19.0)  
 45–54 3839 (16.2) 11,395 (22.1)  
 55–64 5477 (23.1) 11,498 (22.3)  
 65–74 5250 (22.1) 7322 (14.2)  
 75+ 3662 (15.4) 3191 (6.2)  
Country of Birth   Df = 4 < 0.001
 Israel 13,664 (57.6) 32,200 (62.5)  
 Former Soviet Union 5404 (22.8) 12,271 (23.8)  
 Asia/North Africa 1700 (7.2) 2239 (4.3)  
 Europe/America 2093 (8.8) 3414 (6.6)  
 Other/ unknown 843 (3.6) 1391 (2.7)  
Residential district   Df = 5 < 0.001
 Center 7099 (30.0) 16,767 (32.6)  
 Jerusalem 1602 (6.8) 1694 (3.3)  
 North 1683 (7.1) 4195 (8.2)  
 Haifa 1782 (7.5) 5009 (9.7)  
 Tel Aviv 6942 (29.4) 15,554 (30.3)  
 South 3908 (16.5) 7073 (13.8)  
SES of place of residence    < 0.001
 Middle/High (5–10) 18,324 (81.0) 41,543 (85.0)  
 Low (1–4) 4285 (19.0) 7334 (15.0)  
Background diseases
 Heart disease 6483 (27.3) 5573 (10.8) < 0.001
 Hypertension 11,226 (47.4) 16,022 (31.1) < 0.001
 Diabetes 4669 (19.7) 5626 (10.9) < 0.001
Number of PPIs purchases    < 0.001
 Low (0–8) 9641 (40.7) 29,393 (57.1)  
 High (9+) 14,063 (59.3) 22,122 (42.9)  
Primary care physician board certification   Df = 3 < 0.001
 Family medicine 6673 (28.2) 14,665 (28.5)  
 None 8896 (37.5) 19,318 (37.5)  
 Internal medicine 5599 (23.6) 12,485 (24.2)  
 Other 2535 (10.7) 5042 (9.8)  
Board certification of the clinic physician-manager   Df = 4 < 0.001
 Family medicine 3800 (16.1) 8030 (15.6)  
 None 2361 (10.0) 3764 (7.3)  
 Internal medicine 2589 (11.0) 6052 (11.8)  
 Medical director 9446 (40.0) 21,183 (41.2)  
 Other 5409 (22.9) 12,334 (24.0)  
Primary care physician seniority    0.001
 Low (0–8 years) 12,125 (51.2) 25,689 (49.9)  
 High (9–43 years) 11,578 (48.8) 25,821 (50.1)  
  1. Df degrees of freedom, PPIs proton pump inhibitors, SES socioeconomic status
  2. Missing data: Residential district (205 patients); SES (3733 patients)