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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants, index child and household

From: Factors associated with childhood influenza vaccination in Israel: a cross-sectional evaluation

 Population group 
AllJewishArabp-valuea
Participants characteristicsN(%)N(%)N(%)
All       
 1040-100%586-100%454-100% 
Gender of index child      0.59
 Male584-56.1333-56.8251-55.3 
 Female455-43.8252-43203-44.7
 Missing1-0.11-0.200
Age of index child      0.09
 1-4272-26.1138-23.6134-29.5 
 12-May554-53.3323-55.1231-50.9
 13-18214-20.612521.389-19.6
Population group       
 Jews586-56.3NANANANA 
 Arabs454-43.7NANANANA
Gender of respondent parent      <0.01
 Male459-44.1218-37.2241-53.1 
 Female581-55.9368-62.8213-46.9
Age of respondent parent      <0.01
 18-34240-23.1117-19.9123-27.1 
 35-44423-40.7236-40.3187-41.2
 ≥45377-36.2233-39.8144-31.7
Respondent parent's education      <0.01
 ≤ 12 years368-35.4139-23.7229-50.4 
 >12 years662-63.6443-75.6219-48.2
 Missing10-14-0.76-1.3
Respondent parent's marital status      <0.01
 Married / living with a spouse974-93.6532-90.8442-97.4 
 Divorced / separated / living apart53-5.144-7.59-1.9
 Widower/widow8-0.85-0.83-0.7
 Single4-0.44-0.700
 Missing1-0.11-0.200
Respondent parent's country of birth      <0.01
 Israel911-87.6462-78.8449-98.9 
 Other128-12.3123-215-1.1
 Missing1-0.11-0.200
Number of children per family      <0.01
 2-Jan331-31.8193-32.9138-30.4 
 3324-31.2195-33.3129-28.4
 ≥4385-37198-33.8187-41.2
HMO      <0.05
 A545-52.4222-37.9323-71.1 
 B206-19.8172-29.334-7.5
 C181-17.4119-20.362-13.7
 D106-10.271-12.135-7.7
 Missing2-0.22-0.300
Degree of religiousness      <0.01
 Secular329-31.6264-4565-14.3 
 Traditional317-30.5107-18.3210-46.3
 Religious219-21.180-13.7139-30.6
 Ultra-religious150-14.4125-21.325-5.5
Missing25-2.410-1.715-3.3
Housing density indexb      <0.01
 ≤1.5209-20.1447-76.3321-70.7 
 >1.5768-73.893-15.9116-25.6
 Missing63-6.146-7.817-3.7
Net monthly income per household      <0.01
 ≤4,000 ILSc (≤US$ 1,143)70-6.720-3.450-11 
 4,001- 8000 ILS (US$ 1,143-2,286)315-30.3107-18.3208-45.8
 8,001-12,000 ILS (US$ 2,286-3,429)200-19.2122-20.878-17.2
 12,001- 17,000 ILS (US$ 3,429-4,857)162-15.6127-21.735-7.7
 >17,000 ILS (>US$ 4,857)152-14.6112-19.140-8.8
 Missing141-13.698-16.743-9.5
Index child vaccinated against influenza in last season      <0.01
 No734-70.6451-77283-62.3 
 Yes306-29.4135-23171-37.7
Influenza vaccination of family members      0.72
 No667-64.1379-64.7288-63.4 
 Yes343-33199-33.9144-31.7
 Missing30-2.98-1.422-4.8
Index child routine immunizations      <0.01
 No23-2.222-3.71-0.2 
 Yes1006-96.7556-94.9450-99.1
 Missing11-1.18-1.43-0.7
Index child has chronic disease      0.66
 No990-95.2555-94.7435-95.8 
 Yes42-425-4.317-3.7
 Missing8-0.86-12-0.4
Respondent parent has chronic disease      0.65
 No846-81.3479-81.7367-80.8 
 Yes188-18.1103-17.685-18.7
 Missing6-0.64-0.72-0.4
  1. ap-value for differences between the Jewish and the Arab population group. Missing values not included in the analysis.
  2. bHousing density index was calculated by dividing the number of household members by the number of rooms in the household
  3. cILS – New Israeli Shekel