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Table 2 Factors associated with influenza vaccination of index child in the past influenza season

From: Factors associated with childhood influenza vaccination in Israel: a cross-sectional evaluation

 Jewish population group (N = 586)Arab population group (N = 454)
Univariate analysisMultivariate analysisUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
OR (95% CI)p valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p valueOR (95% CI)p valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p value
Gender of index child
 Male1Ref1Ref1Ref  
 Female1.65 (1.12–2.43)< 0.051.65 (0.99–2.76)0.050.75 (0.51–1.10)0.15  
Age of index child
 1–41Ref1Ref1Ref1Ref
 5–120.57 (0.37–0.88)< 0.050.51 (0.27–0.96)< 0.050.50 (0.33–0.78)< 0.010.62 (0.36–1.07)0.07
 13–180.20 (0.10–0.40)< 0.010.13 (0.04–0.37)< 0.010.25 (0.13–0.46)< 0.010.37 (0.17–0.83)< 0.05
Gender of respondent parent
 Male1Ref1Ref1Ref1Ref
 Female0.51 (0.35–0.75)< 0.010.26 (0.15–0.46)< 0.010.55 (0.38–0.82)< 0.010.64 (0.40–1.02)0.06
Age of respondent parent
 18–341Ref1Ref1Ref1Ref
 35–441.12 (0.68–1.83)0.651.18 (0.60–2.33)0.630.55 (0.35–0.87)< 0.050.58 (0.32–1.05)0.07
  ≥ 450.44 (0.25–0.76)< 0.010.81 (0.35–1.90)0.630.32 (0.19–0.53)< 0.010.39 (0.19–0.82)< 0.05
Respondent parent’s education
  ≤ 12 years1Ref  1Ref1Ref
  > 12 years1.06 (0.67–1.67)0.82  0.57 (0.39–0.84)< 0.010.49 (0.31–0.78)< 0.01
Respondent parent’s marital status
 Married / living with a spouse1Ref  1Ref  
 Divorced / separated / living apart0.62 (0.27–1.43)0.26  2.12 (0.56–8.00)0.27  
 Widower/widow2.19 (0.36–13.28)0.39  3.39 (0.30–37.67)0.32  
 Single3.29 (0.46–23.60)0.24  NANA  
Respondent parent’s country of birth
 Israel1Ref  1Ref  
 Other1.29 (0.82–2.04)0.27  2.51 (0.41–15.16)0.32  
Number of children in household
 1–21Ref  1Ref1Ref
 30.90 (0.57–1.45)0.68  0.62 (0.38–1.01)0.050.61 (0.34–1.09)0.09
  ≥ 40.89 (0.56–1.42)0.62  0.62 (0.39–0.97)< 0.050.60 (0.33–1.08)0.09
HMO
 A1Ref1Ref1Ref  
 B0.45 (0.27–0.74)< 0.010.44 (0.23–0.83)< 0.051.02 (0.49–2.11)0.96  
 C0.56 (0.32–0.95)< 0.050.32 (0.16–0.68)< 0.010.78 (0.44–1.40)0.41  
 D0.73 (0.39–1.35)0.310.77 (0.34–1.77)0.541.39 (0.69–2.80)0.36  
Degree of religiousness
 Secular1Ref  1Ref  
 Traditional0.76 (0.44–1.29)0.31  1.19 (0.67–2.13)0.55  
 Religious0.64 (0.34–1.19)0.16  0.93 (0.50–1.73)0.82  
 Ultra-religious0.73 (0.44–1.21)0.22  1.43 (0.56–3.67)0.45  
Housing density indexa
  ≤ 1.51Ref  1Ref  
  > 1.50.89 (0.52–1.53)0.68  0.85 (0.54–1.32)0.46  
Net monthly income per household
  < 4000 ILSb1Ref  1Ref  
 4001–8000 ILS0.78 (0.26–2.37)0.66  0.79 (0.43–1.48)0.47  
 8001–12,000 ILS0.98 (0.32–2.92)0.97  0.93 (0.46–1.91)0.85  
 12,001–17,000 ILS0.97 (0.33–2.89)0.95  0.58 (0.23–1.44)0.24  
  > 17,000 ILS1.00 (0.33–3.00)1.00  0.76 (0.33–1.79)0.53  
Influenza vaccination of family members
 No1Ref1Ref1Ref1Ref
 Yes17.55 (10.66–28.9)< 0.0127.74 (15.30–50.29)< 0.013.86 (2.53–5.90)< 0.014.70 (2.94–7.50)< 0.01
Index child routine immunizations
 No1Ref  1Ref  
 Yes3.08 (0.71–13.35)0.13  NA0.98  
Index child has chronic disease
 No1Ref  1Ref  
 Yes1.32 (0.54–3.24)0.54  1.91 (0.72–5.06)0.19  
Parent has chronic disease
 No1Ref  1Ref  
 Yes0.96 (0.58–1.61)0.89  0.67 (0.41–1.12)0.13  
  1. aHousing density index was calculated by dividing the number of household members by the number of rooms in the household
  2. bILS – New Israeli Shekel