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Table 3 Demographic and behavioral characteristics of high-risk Vs. low-risk participants

From: Community Vs. hospital HIV testing sites in Jerusalem, Israel - who’s tested and who’s at risk?

Variable (number of responders)High risk n = 246 (28.5%)Low risk n = 617 (71.5%)P
Mean age (±standard deviation)28.4 ± 11.231.2 ± 10.60.001
Male sex (n = 863)228 (92.7)472 (76.5)< 0.001
None Jew (n = 647)47 (25.7)63 (13.6)< 0.001
Living outside of Jerusalem (n = 863)26 (10.6)37 (6.0)0.02
Above high-school education (n = 590)116 (67.1)302 (72.4)0.2
Income higher than the average salary (n = 552)21 (13.3)88 (22.3)0.02
Prior HIV test (n = 852)186 (76.5)401 (65.8)0.002
Sexual behavior in the last yearMore than 15 sexual partners (n = 715)22 (11.2)23 (4.4)0.001
Paid for sex (n = 793)19 (8.1)25 (4.5)0.04
Having sex under the influence of psychoactive drugs (n = 803)89 (36.8)157 (28.0)0.01
Reason for testing (n = 863)Condomless sex167 (67.9)259 (42.0)< 0.001
New relationship21 (8.5)98 (15.9)0.005
Routine test48 (19.5)175 (28.4)0.007
Occupational exposure0 (0.0)8 (1.3)0.1
Intra venous drug use0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1.0
Paid for sex3 (1.2)8 (1.3)1.0
Other low-risk reasons for testing2 (0.8)19 (3.1)0.05
Reasons for choosing the testing center (n = 862)Easy access125 (50.8)298 (48.4)0.5
Rapid tests available57 (23.2)186 (30.2)0.04
Credibility55 (22.4)131 (21.3)0.7
Atmosphere42 (17.1)113 (18.3)0.7
Recommendations from friends44 (17.9)102 (16.6)0.6
Cost17 (6.9)41 (6.7)0.9
Not associated with any population19 (7.7)54 (8.8)0.6
Positive HIV results (n = 759)2 (0.8)0 (0.0)0.08