Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population by population group, The 2nd National Health and Nutrition youth survey, 2015–2016

From: Disordered eating among Arab and Jewish youth in Israel: the role of eating dinner with the family

  Jews
N = 3251 n(%)
Arabs
N = 1675 n(%)
chi-square,
p value
Sociodemographic characteristics:
 Sex    32.15,p < 0.001
  Females 1594(49.03) 964(57.55)  
  Males 1657(50.97) 711(42.45)  
 Age (years)    2.24, p = 0.13
  11–14 1596(49.09) 860(51.34)  
  15+ 1655(50.91) 815(48.66)  
 BMI category    21.10,p < 0.001
  Underweight 67(2.38) 28(1.78)  
  Healthy weight 1958(69.48) 1015(64.44)  
  Overweight 528(18.74) 323(20.51)  
  Obese 265(9.40) 209(13.27)  
 SES of school    91.11,p < 0.001
  Low 1600(49.22) 1064(63.52)  
  High 1651(50.78) 611(36.48)  
Disordered Eating (DE) by SCOFF [31] items:
1. Do you make yourself sick because you feel uncomfortably full? 321(10.57) 137(10.16) 0.162, p = .69
2. Do you worry you have lost control over how much you eat? 1208(37.53) 623(37.31) 0.023, p = .88
3. Have you ever lost more than 3 kg in weight over a three-month period? 1207(37.24) 756(45.60) 31.89,p < .001
4. Do you believe yourself to be fat when others say you are too thin? 818(25.37) 499(30.01) 11.97,p < .001
5. Would you say that food dominates your life? 942(29.07) 531(31.78) 3.84,p = .050
Likely case of DE (> two positive responses) 635(19.53) 421(25.13) 20.59,p < .001
Where did you eat dinner last night?    141.53,p < .001
 At home with parents/family 1988(64.03) 1019(69.23)  
 At home alone 388(12.50) 150(10.19)  
 At school/friend’s house/restaurant/cafeteria 531(17.10) 119(8.08)  
 Did not eat dinner 162(5.22) 174(11.82)  
  1. Notes
  2. Significant associations (p < 0.05) appear in bold
  3. Underweight: BMI percentile< 3%, Healthy weight: 3% ≤ BMI percentile< 85%, Overweight: 85% ≤ BMI percentile< 97%, Obese: BMI percentile≥97%
  4. SES: The school’s affiliated welfare level according to the Ministry of Education
  5. Likely case of DE is defined as a total SCOFF [31] score of more than two affirmative responses