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Table 2 Rates of Disordered Eating (DE) by sociodemographic variables, BMI categories, and dinner options among Jewish and Arab adolescents - Results of univariate analyses, The 2nd National Health and Nutrition youth survey, 2015–2016

From: Disordered eating among Arab and Jewish youth in Israel: the role of eating dinner with the family

  Jews
N = 3251
Arabs
N = 1675
Rates of DE
n(%)
Differences in rates across categories chi-square, p value Rates of DE
n(%)
Differences in rates across categories chi-square, p value
Sex   χ2 = 170.73,p < .001   χ2 = 52.71,p < .001
 Females 459(28.80)   306(31.74)  
 Males 176(10.62)   115(16.17)  
Age (years)   χ2 = 29.85,p < .001   χ2 = 3.31, p = .069
 11–14 250(15.66)   200(23.26)  
 15+ 385(23.26)   221(27.12)  
BMI category   χ2 = 71.27,p < .001   χ2 = 22.54,p < .001
 Underweight & Healthy weight 305(15.06)   224(21.48)  
 Overweight 149(28.22)   101(31.27)  
 Obese 80(30.19)   71(33.97)  
SES of school   χ2 = 10.42,p = .001   χ2 = 0.97, p = .32
 Low 349(21.81)   259(24.34)  
 High 286(17.32)   162(26.51)  
Where did you eat dinner last night?   χ2 = 27.77,p < .001   χ2 = 23.33,p < .001
 At home with parents/family 349(17.56)   225(22.08)  
 At home alone 78(20.10)   45(30.00)  
 At school/friend’s house/restaurant/cafeteria 120(22.60)   41(34.45)  
 Did not eat dinner 54(33.33)   63(36.21)  
  1. Notes
  2. DE is defined as a total SCOFF [31] score of more than two affirmative responses
  3. Significant associations appear in bold (p < 0.05)
  4. Underweight: BMI percentile< 3%, Healthy weight: 3% ≤ BMI percentile< 85%, Overweight: 85% ≤ BMI percentile< 97%, Obese: BMI percentile≥97%
  5. SES: The school’s affiliated welfare level according to the Ministry of Education