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Table 3 Factors related to primary-care physicians’ referrals of adults for H. pylori infection testing

From: Physicians’ adherence to management guidelines for H. pylori infection and gastroesophageal reflux disease: a cross-sectional study

 Clinical characteristics of the patients referred for testingType of testing
Suspected duodenal or gastric ulcerFirst-degree relatives of gastric cancer patientsUnexplained IDAHistory of peptic disease, before long-term use of NSAIDsUBT/stool antigen EIA in test-and-treat strategyEndoscopy/specialist-alarm symptoms
YesNoPYesNoPYesNoPYesNoPYesNoPYesNoP
Number14625 7893 10269 7695 13627 1608 
Age, mean (SD)52.6 (12.3)59.2 (8.2)0.0255.0 (10.4)52.4 (13.1)0.352.7 (11.9)54.8 (12.1)0.253.3 (12.6)53.8 (11.6)0.852.5 (12.4)58.2 (9.0)0.0453.9 (12.0)52.0 (10.9)0.6
Years since board certification, mean (SD)19.2 (12.5)24.1 (10.3)0.119.7 (11.6)20.0 (13.1)0.718.0 (12.7)22.8 (11.1)0.0219.9 (12.4)19.9 (12.3)0.918.5 (12.2)5.4 (12.3)0.00619.6 (12.3)24.3 (12.8)0.3
Started to work at MHS 2010 onward, n (%)62 (43)5 (20)0.0328 (36)39 (42)0.447 (46)20 (29)0.0330 (40)37 (39)0.956 (41)6 (22)0.0658 (38)2 (33)0.8
H. pylori is a definitive cause of gastric cancer, n (%)124 (84)20 (77)0.372 (91)72 (77)0.0188 (86)56 (79)0.268 (84)76 (83)0.8116 (84)27 (80)0.5136 (85)4 (50)0.03
  1. EIA: enzyme immunoassay; IDA: iron deficiency anemia; MHS: Maccabi Healthcare Services; NSAIDs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs UBT: urea breath test; SD: standard deviation