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Table 2 The univariate analysis of % of not RTW within 1 month, 1 year and 2 years, by demographic and injury characteristics

From: Socio-economic disparities and returning to work following an injury

Demographic and injury Characteristics Non-return to work (%)
within 1 month within 1 year within 2 yearsa
39% 12% 8%
Age
 21–34 42.9 11.8 7.2
 35–44 38.1 12.8 8.0
 45–54 34.6 12.5 7.9
 55+ with more than 5 years before retirement age 33.3 10.9 7.8
 55+ with less than 5 years before retirement age 30.3 10.3 8.1
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.134
Gender
 Male 44.1 14.5 9.4
 Female 28.0 6.8 4.7
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Family Status
 Married with children 36.6 11.5 7.4
 Married without children 32.7 10.6 7.0
 Single with children 38.4 13.6 8.3
 Single without children 45.5 13.0 8.2
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.011
Population Group
 Other Israelis 32.5 8.8 5.7
 Immigrants from FSU 38.9 10.0 6.0
 Ethiopian Immigrants 43.0 14.3 9.6
 Israeli Arabs 53.0 20.2 13.8
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Income
 Highest income (4thQuartile) 16.9 3.6 2.2
 3thQuartile 34.9 8.9 5.3
 2ndQuartile 47.4 15.4 9.6
 Lowest income (1stQuartile) 55.5 19.8 13.7
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Previous Disability
 Yes 49.6 20.0 17.5
 No 38.5 11.8 7.6
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Injury Characteristics
Injury Mechanism
  Burns 29.4 7.7 4.9
  RTA 39.1 11.5 7.7
  Violence 34.5 11.7 7.4
  Falls 36.6 12.4 8.3
  Other unintentional 43.3 12.5 7.7
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.003
Injury Severity (ISS)b
  Mild (ISS 1–8) 36.3 9.5 5.7
  Moderate (ISS9–14) 43.0 15.8 10.6
  Severe (ISS 16–24) 48.8 19.9 14.4
  Critical (ISS 25+) 59.0 39.0 34.0
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Injury Circumstances
  Injured not at work 28.5 8.2 5.5
  Injured at work - without recognition of NII 24.6 7.4 5.0
  Injured at work - with recognition of NII 57.0 18.6 11.9
p value for χ2 test < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  1. aRefers to those injured between 2008–2012 (n = 36,504)
  2. bISS Injury Severity Score