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Table 2 Associations between mode of communication and study variables among CI users (in percentages)

From: Associations between ethnicity, place of residence, hearing status of family and habilitation of children with hearing impairment

Variable Oral communication (n = 207) Manual Communication (n = 54) Combined Communication (n = 125) Df χ2
Gender
 Male 50.0 17.3 32.7 2 4.933*
 Female 58.1 9.9 32.0   
Age
 18–24 50.0 13.5 36.5 2 4.512
 25–30 59.0 14.7 26.3   
Ethnicity
 General 55.8 10.4 33.8 4 68.213***
 Ultra-Orthodox 84.4 1.6 14.1   
 Arab 32.2 34.1 42.7   
Age at implantation
 >3 70.7 4.9 24.4 2 4.232
 ≤3 55.9 15.8 28.3   
District
 Tel Aviv 61.7 10.6 27.7 14 42.444***
 Center 58.7 8.7 32.6   
 Haifa 45.7 5.7 48.6   
 North 35.6 27.1 37.3   
 Jerusalem 61.5 15.4 23.1   
 South 20.0 32.0 48.0   
 Judea/Samaria 75.0 0.0 25.0   
 Ashdod/Ashkelon 64.7 5.9 29.4   
First-degree relatives with HL
 Yes 44.5 16.8 38.7 2 7.941**
 No 59.3 12.1 28.5   
  1. p < .001*** p < .01** p < .05*