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Table 2 Receipt of NII Benefit Entitlement due to post-partum mental disability, by demographic characteristics (N = 79,391)

From: Ethnic disparities in receiving benefits for disability following postpartum mental illness during first two years after delivery: an Israeli nationwide study

Demographic characteristics Univariate Adjustedc
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Age, years 1.00 0.99–1.02 not performed
Age Group
  < 20 years ref not performed
 21–40 years 1.56 0.69–3.49
 40+ years 1.84 0.77–4.40
Population Group
 Israeli born Jews ref ref
 Arabs (excluding Bedouins) 0.69 0.56–0.86 0.47 0.37–0.60
 Immigrant from Ethiopia 1.69 1.07–2.66 1.36 0.86–2.16
 Immigrant from FSU 1.27 0.95–1.70 1.07 0.79–1.48
 Bedouins 0.58 0.41–0.82 0.38 0.26–0.56
 Other immigrants 1.01 0.76–1.34 0.86 0.65–1.14
Socio-Economic Status
 I quarter (1–5) 1.47 1.14–1.90 1.19 0.90–1.57
 II quarter (6–9) 1.75 1.36–2.25 1.31 1.01–1.71
 III quarter (10–12) 1.51 1.16–1.96 1.26 0.97–1.65
 IV quarter (13+) ref ref
Family Status at birth
 Single 3.46 2.44–4.89 2.33 1.62–3.35
 Married/In stable relationship ref ref
 Divorced/Widow 4.28 2.95–6.20 3.64 2.49–5.33
Employment status of womana
 Not employed 1.58 1.37–1.82 1.54 1.30–1.82
 Employed ref ref
Employment status of spouseb
 No spouse 3.63 2.63–4.99 1.80 1.27–2.54
 Not employed 1.20 1.02–1.39 0.60 0.50–0.72
 Employed ref ref
Employment status of family b
 Nobody employed 1.73 1.43–2.11 1.21 0.97–1.52
 Somebody Employed ref ref
Infant mortality (to 1 year)
 Yes 2.16 0.97–4.81 not performed
 No ref
Annual Family Income. NIS
 I quarter (< 49,092) 4.28 3.31–5.52 3.83 2.89–5.07
 II quarter (49,092-107,052) 3.47 2.68–4.50 3.49 2.66–4.58
 III quarter (107,052-199,142) 2.55 1.94–3.36 2.54 1.93–3.35
 IV quarter (199,142+) ref ref
  1. a employment status of woman, employment status of spouse, employment status of any family member were not included together in the same model, but in the separate models
  2. b multivariable model with employment status of spouse did not include family status of woman
  3. c multivariable model adjusted for population group, SES, family status, employment (of women, spouse or any family member) and income